Tsuge

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The History of Tsuge is the History of Pipe Making in Japan

Kyoichiro Tsuge, Closely examining a pipe

The History of Tsuge

Transcribed from scans of a Tsuge catalog, courtesy of Yo Uekusa, of Tsuge Pipe Co., via J. Rex Poggenpohl

1911 -- Kyoichiro's passion for making things was inherited from his parents

Kyoichiro Tsuge, the founder orf Tsuge, was born on February 25th, 1911 in Kanazaqa, Ishikawa. His mother Kei was a decendant of the famous swordsmith Kanewaka of the Kaga Domain, while his father Tomosaburo was from the samurai family of Tsuge in Kaga. The Tsuges servbed as the chief retainer of the Daimyo Kaga-Maeda family. Kyoichiro's lifetime passion for making things was inherited from his parents.

1924 -- Apprenticeship Under a Master Ivory Pipe Maker

In 1923, whyen the Tsuge family lived in Korea, Kyoichiro lost his mother and also his father on a year later. Orphaned at the age of 13 and brought back to Tokyo by his relative, he started a life in apprenticeship under a master of ivory pipe making (cigarette holders were also called pipes at the time).

Carved Wood and Full Ivory pipes made at the time of the fonding of Tsuge Pipe Company
Tsuge Family

1936 -- Kyoichiro Opened His Workshop after the Harsh Apprenticeship

Kyoichiro finally opened his own workshop, Tsuge Pipe Company Limited in 1936 after the harsh apprenticeship and got married to his wife Tamae in the same year. However, shortly after Kyoichiro started a business, World War II broke out and he was sent to the war. At the request of the government, his factory manufactured wooden gunstockes utilizing the production equipment.

1945 -- Path to Become a Leading Pipe Maker in Japan

Tsuge visits Oppenheimer Pipes (UK), Pipe Dan (Denmark), and Savinelli (Italy)
Tsuge and oldest son, and Cultural figure
Tsuge Pipes
Tsuge with Briar

Kyoichiro attempted to restart the cigarette holder business when the war ended in 1945. As ivory, which was under control of GHQ, was almost unobtainable then, he procured cherry wood in Tohoku as an alternative. When he started manufacturing cigarette holders, pipes started to sell in large amount thanks to the release of pipe tobacco by the US army and the media report of General Douglas MacArthur landing at Atsugi Airport with a corn cob pipe in his mouth.

In response to the boom of pipes, TSUGE had to put increasing efforts in making pipes rather than cigarette holders. The compayny hired craftsmen who made umbrella handles and started to mass produce billiard and bent billiard pipes using cherry wood to meet the rapidly growing market demand. The company developed to become one of the most cutting edge companies in Japan, having 120 craftsmen at its peak.

Tsuge Pipe01.jpg
Tsuge Pipe02.jpg
Tsuge Pipe03.jpg
Tsuge Pipe04.jpg

1950--Tsuge Started Making Prodcts Eyeing Overseas Markets

When imported briar became available in the 1950's, TSUGE started making briar pipes. Kyoichiro requested an ivory carver to engrave traditional Japanese motifs such as Mt. Fuji, three monkeys, Toshogu, and Geisha on pipe bowls. The pipes were sold to the US soldiers as souvenirs at the Imperial Hotel and Yokohama officers club, and at the shops like PX and USO. In the 1960's a demand of pipes for soldiers increased due to the aggravation of the Vietnam War and a large amount of cherry wood pipes made in Japan were exported to Saigon.

1970 --Excellent Craftsmanship Acclaimed by the World

In the 1970's the company lost its share to the emerging Asian counties in the severe price competition resulted from the sharp hike in the yen. In order to make competitive high value-added pipes, the company sent six craftsmen to the pipe workshops in Italy and Denmark to acquire advanced skills of pipemaking from Europe. Two craftsment, Fukado and Sato, studied under the great masters Sixten Ivarson and Jørgen Larsen to touch the essence of their freehand pipe making.
Upon returning to Japan, they immediately started working on freehand pipes. At first, the pipes were exported to the US and earned a good reputation. Then Tsuge received an offer from Germany that led to a success in Europe. When freehand pipes and series pipes started to be sold at famous smoking goods shops in Germany and Switzerland, people said, "Japan has sent us cars and motorcycles, and now pipes, too!"

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Contact Information:

Tsuge Pipe Co. Ltd. 
4-3-6, Kotobuki 
Taito-Ku 
Tokyo 111 JAPAN
Phone: 3 3845 1221 
Fax: 3 3845 1225