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'''Alfred Dunhill Pipes'''
This is a work in progress. Please feel free to contribute if you are a Dunhill expert, or knowledgeable enthusiast.
   == Instroduction Introduction ==<center>'''The Pipe of Peace'''</center>For the everyday smoke what more is there to say than this, that it is, in its essence the Pipe of Peace? This idea we find embodied in the folklore of simple peoples one example of which is the story taken down by Mr. Torday, the eminent anthropologist, from the lips of Bilumbu, an old Bushongo savage in the remote Congo village of Misumba, and quoted in “The Pipe Book” of Alfred Dunhill.  According to this tale an adventurous young Bushongo named Lusana Lumunbala had fared forth into the outer World and was lost to his tribe for many years. He returned suddenly and after much feasting he was asked what treaSurc he had found.  The traveller searched in his bag and produced from it some dried leaves of tobacco and a little packet of seeds.  “Men of Bushongo,” he said solemnly, “thank me from the bottom of your hearts, forI have brought you this.”  The elders passed the leaves from hand to hand and shook their heads; one of them said sternly:  “Do you think, Lusana Lumunbala, that this is the time for jesting? What good is this weed to us?”  “I fear” said another mockingly, “that this man has not gained anything by his much-vaunted travels, and that the hardships which they have entailed have made him lose something...” And he tapped his head significantly.  Lusana Lumunbala smiled. “I have not lost my reason, O elders of Misumba, for this weed of which I have brought you a sample is very precious indeed.”<br><br>“Is it good to eat? ”<br>“It is not.”<br> “Is it a remedy for some sickness?”<br> “It soothes them all. Its smoke, when inhaled, is to the suffering soul as a mother’s caress to an ailing child.”<br><br>Saying so, he took a pipe out of his bag, filled it with a little tobacco, kindled it with some embers, and began to smoke, and as he did so his countenance beamed with happiness.  The elders talked all at once: “Surely our brother has become demented; he now earth fire and drinketh smoke.”  But one of them, more courageous than the others, asked him to let him try this Wonderful weed, and taking the pipe inhaled a big whiff of smoke. He was taken with a violent fit of choking and fell to the ground gasping for breath. When he recovered he abused the traveller, and threatened him with his fist.  “You are,” Lusana Lumunbala rebuked him, “like an infant who chokes at the first mouthful of solid food his mother gives him, and yet, as he grows accustomed to it, becomes a brave companion at the trencher. You we‘re too greedy. Little by little one filleth the basket, as the proverb says. You ought to have tried a little; if you do this you will soon enjoy the magic effect of the smoke as much as I do. For this weed, called Makaya (tobacco), is man’s greatest joy. I have learned its use in the land of Pende, whose inhabitants, the Tupende, have learned it from a strange people coming from beyond the saltwater. O Makaya, Makaya, what Wonders you can Work!” And Lusana Lumunbala shut his eyes in ecstasy. “As the fire will soften iron, so Makaya will soften the heart. If one day your brother has wronged you, and the blood rushes to your head in anger, and you reach out for your bow and arrows to slay him - take your pipe and smoke. Your ire will tly leore its fragrance. You will say, ‘Surely I must not slay the son of my mother, him who is of my own blood. I will beat him with a big stick to teach him a lesson.’ But as you rise to fetch your cudgel, take your pipe and drink its smoke. And half-ways you will stop, and smile and say, ‘No, I cannot beat my brother, the companion of my youth. It is more bccmning that I should scold him - lash him with bitter words instead of smiting him with a stick.’ And as you go to do so, smoke, smoke. And with every whiff your heart will become more charitable and forgiving, and as you come up to the trembling culprit you will throw your arms around his neck and say: ‘Brother, brother, let bygones be bygones; come to my hut, and let us drink and eat together and be merry, and love each other.’ ”  “And all of you know,” concluded Bilumbu, “that Lusana Lumunbala spoke the truth; whenever your heart rises in wrath or sinks in sorrow, drink the smoke of Makaya, and peace and happiness will reign in it again.”  '''From "The Pipe Book" - Published by Messrs. A. & C. Black, Ltd.'''<br><center>'''::'''</center>----<br>
While there are many opinions on who makes, or who made the best pipes, few would argue against Dunhill being the most recognized pipe brand, or that the founder, Alfred Dunhill, was not a marketing genius. In the preface to the second reprint of Dunhill's ''About Smoke, An Encyclopedia of Smoking", publisher Gary Schrier states the following:
'''1902-6''': Alfred Dunhill designed and built houses in Great Missenden, Buckinghamshire.
'''1903''': Alfred Dunhill Ltd (the 'predecessor company') incorporated. Alfred Dunhill's first dashboard clock marks their entry into the timepiece arena
'''1907''': First Dunhill tobacco shop opened (7 July or most likely, 9 or 10 September) on 31a Duke St. Late in the same year, My Mixture book was started.
'''1908''': Dunhill's Motorities shop opened in Glasgow. Cigarette manufacturing by hand begins.
'''1916''': Shop address becomes 30 Duke Street; factory and offices purchased in Notting Hill Gate, London (the pipe-making operations are transferred there); Alfred Henry Dunhill won MC during the Battle of the Somme.
'''1917''': Shell Briar pipe patented; Alfred Dunhill created his sandblasted pipe, and first introduced the "Shell" Finish. Dunhill developed the oil curing process at this time, which many feels contributes significantly to Dunhill's excellent smoking qualities.
'''1918''': Alfred Henry Dunhill won the Military Cross (MC at Frégicourt 1 Sep 1918 - 31158/1 Feb 1919), 7th Bn Royal West Surrey Regiment - World War I.
'''1927''': Herbert E. Dunhill last attended a board meeting, but remained managing director until 1950. Alfred Dunhill launches the revolutionary Unique lighter, the first to be operated using just one hand.
'''1928''': Alfred Dunhill retires; Alfred Henry Dunhill succeeds him as chairman; first Dunhill clock introduced; Captive watch and Belt watch introduced. Alfred Dunhill begins distributing the Namiki pen company's maki-e lacquered pens.
'''1930''': The Root finish is introduced. D.R. "dead root". Denotes Dunhill straight grain pipes. The Bruyere finish was used on these pipes through 1929; root finish was used thereafter. "D.R." stamped on the shank; leather factory opened in Notting Hill Gate; agreement signed with Namiki for the introduction of writing instruments.
'''1931''': French and Canadian Dunhill companies purchased. | Root Briar finish was introduced.
'''1932''': H. L. Savory & Co. Ltd purchased.
'''1935''': Duke Street, St. James, shop extension commenced.
'''1936''': Large shareholding in [[Hardcastle]] Pipes Ltd purchased after a ten-year relationship; the factory was in Walthamstow. The famous Facet timepiece, based on Alfred Dunhill's car head-lamp designs, is launched.
'''1938''': Royal Warrant received from George VI; Vernon Dunhill, Richard Dunhill's father died.
'''1941''': Duke Street shop bombed; it was extended and rebuilt in the 1950s and recently renovated.
'''1943''': Mary Dunhill appointed director.
'''1948''': Richard Dunhill joined the company.
'''1949''': D.Rs are graded with ascending letters "A" to "J".
'''1950''': Herbert E. Dunhill died, Mary Dunhill succeeded him as managing director. | DRs became associated with Root Briar finish, were stamped DRR.
'''1951''': Shop opened in Beverly Hills, CA.
'''1952''': The Tanshell finish is introduced. | The number/letter shape code has been introduced.
'''1953''': Duke Street shop was finally completely rebuilt after being bombed in 1941.
'''1973''': Controlling interested in Richards & Appleby Ltd purchased; first Dunhill International Conference in London.
'''1974''': Mary Dunhill celebrated 50 years of service to the company; shop opened in Dallas, TX; Queen's Award for industry received for export achievement; Anthony Greener appointed managing director. | D.R. first stars appeared, but for group size.
'''1975''': Mary Dunhill retired as chairman; Richard Dunhill succeeded her; Mary Dunhill appointed president;
'''1976''': H. Simmons Ltd, London, purchased; menswear department opened on lower ground floor at Duke Street, St. James; Brentford Distribution Centre opened; [[Lane, Ltd.]], New York, purchased together with subsidiaries F. [[Charatan]], [[Ben Wade]], and Grosvenor Pipe (Lane alone sold in 1987). | The number/letter shape code was discontinued and replaced by a 4 or 5 digits code.
'''1977''': Shop opened in Houston, TX; controlling interest in Montblanc-Simplo GmbH, West Germany, purchased; Dunhill pipes Ltd formed; Bill Taylor works as administrator and overseer in the Dunhill Factory.
'''1978''': Shop opened in Atlanta, GA; temporary controlling interest in Collingwood of Conduit ltd; Mary Dunhill retired from board of Dunhill Toiletries Ltd. | Collector Series was introduced (001 nomenclature) | D.R last year using stars for group size and letters for grade. Dunhill started again to hand-turn (HT) bowls (Collector and D.R sereis only).
'''1979''': Our Family Business by Mary Dunhill published; shop opened in Washington D.C. | Collector Series were stamped "002", and after 1979 this special stamp was dropped. D.R. series are graded with stars and also an “XL” stamp was added.
'''1980''': First Dunhill Pipe Dealer's World Conference, in London; the Cumberland finish is introduced; shop opened in Dubai; sponsorship of Alfred Dunhill Queen's Cup polo tournament commenced.
'''1982''': Dunhill Holdings plc acquired Alfred Dunhill Limited under Scheme of Arrangement; Rothmans International plc controlled new holdings company; pipe manufacturing transferred to Walthamstow; shop opened in Melbourne; Alfred Dunhill Scotch Whisky introduced; shop opened at 14 Poultry, London.
'''1983''': Shop opened in Vancouver. | The 5 digit shape numbers ended.
'''1984''': Edition of men's grooming products introduced; Bill Taylor leaves Dunhill to become Bill [[Ashton]]-Taylor
'''1994''': New store openings in Europe and Asia brought the total number of Alfred Dunhill stores to 96; Alfred Dunhill collection of humidors launched.
'''1995''': New retail outlets were established in Taiwan and distribution strengthened throughout the rest of the Pacific Region; Namiki lacquer writing instruments which originally appeared in the 1920's were reintroduced as a limited edition to considerable interest from collectors. | The pipes logo was changed: "Dunhill" inside an ellipse.
'''1996''': First Alfred Dunhill outlet opened in Russia and a new store opened in the city of London; Alfred Dunhill headquarters relocated to 27 Knightsbridge in London.
'''1997''': Flagship store in Duke Street, London, refurbished and relaunched at 48 Jermyn Street incorporating the Alfred Dunhill Museum which is opened to the public for the first time; partnership with Aston Martin to design the limited edition Alfred Dunhill DB7 sports car; Callum Barton appointed chief executive.
'''1998''': Richard Dunhill celebrated 50 years with the company; Alfred Dunhill Museum acquired the last surviving Alfred Dunhill motor car, the "Tweenie", first sold in 1914 by Dunhill Motorities; Alfred Dunhill opened in the Czech Republic with stores in Prague and Carlsbad; 14th Alfred Dunhill store in China opened; Alfred Dunhill's largest store in Asia opened in Osaka, Japan; new stores opened in Bombay and New Delhi, India and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; number of stores stands at 160 in 26 countries. Alfred Dunhill Edition Aston Martin DB7 – 78 (of an announced 150) "Dunhill Silver platinum metallic" cars with a built-in humidor. '''2005''': Savile Row tailor Richard James, watch dealer/designer Tom Bolt, casual-wear designer Nick Ashley and leather-smith Bill Amberg are brought on board to help revitalise the brand. '''2007''': First Home of Alfred Dunhill opens in Tokyo, Japan. '''2008''': Alfred Dunhill announces the appointment of menswear designer Kim Jones as Creative Director, a role Alfred Dunhill has not offered before. Second Home of Alfred Dunhill opens in London, UK, in Bourdon House. Third Home of Alfred Dunhill opens in Shanghai, China, in The Twin Villas. '''2010''': Fourth Home of Alfred Dunhill opens in Hong Kong, China, in Prince's Landmark. '''2011''': First Voice campaign launched. '''2012''': The pipes logo was changed to: "Alfred Dunhill's The White Spot" - March 2012. Trafalgar by Alfred Dunhill is presented in Shanghai, China. For The Love film is released.
'''2016''': Richard Dunhill died on Aug. 26, 2016, at the age of 89, having been a Dunhill employee for 68 years.
'''Note:''' The vast majority of this information were extracted from '''Balfour, Michael, Alfred Dunhill, One Hundred Years and More (Weidenfield and Nicolson, London, 1992).'''
[[User:Yang|Yang]] ([[User talk:Yang|talk]]) 1208:1813, 21 August 25 November 2019 (CDTCST
File:3comoy case.jpg|1930 Cased set of three Dunhill Shells. Derek Green Collection.
File:Dunhill 1922 cased pair.jpg|1922 Cased Pair of Dunhills. Shell 35/7. DR 4 with later silver cap. Derek Green Collection.
ImageFile:DunhillCDunhillDR3FlameRightTop.jpg|OX shapeDunhill Volcano - Flame Grain,1960 Root, 1956 Tanshell, 1972 Redbark, 1957 Shell, G.L.Pease Fred Hanna Collection.
Image:DunhillG.jpg|thumb|Lovats, 1940 Shell, 1931 Bruyere, G.L.Pease Collection.
File:Dunhill Paris W.1048.JPG|Two pipes Dunhill Paris 1939-1945.Yuriy Novikov Collection.
File:201908181501175269884394208.jpg|Dunhill, set of three, Ao - 1925. Yang Forcióri Collection.
File:Calabash_70s.jpg|Dunhill, Gourd Calabash, 70-90's. Yang Forcióri Collection.
File:Dunhill-1969-MeerschaumBilliard.jpg|1969 Dunhill Meerschaum, courtesy Maxim Engele (
==The Man Behind the Curtains== <!--T:29-->
[[File:ADyoung.jpg|thumb|right|150px| Young Alfred - © Alfred Dunhill Ltd.]]
[[File:Alfred-dunhill-71153079.jpg|thumb|right|150px| Alfred's signature]]
[[File:ADparents.jpg|thumb|right|150px| Alfred's parents - © Alfred Dunhill Ltd.]]
[[File:ADhouses.jpg|thumb|right|150px| Alfred's Houses - © Alfred Dunhill Ltd.]]
[[File:ADhome.jpg|thumb|right|150px| Alfred's Home - © Alfred Dunhill Ltd.]]
[[File:ADwpipe2.jpg|thumb|right|150px| Alfred - © Alfred Dunhill Ltd.]]
Alfred was born on September 30, 1872 in the Haringey neighborhood, part of the suburban district of Hornsey, north of London. Alfred was the third of five children born to Henry Dunhill (1842-1901) and Jane Styles (1843-1922), his first cousin.
Two years after the start of his professional career, in 1895, Alfred marries Alice Mary Stapleton (1874-1945). His first son, Alfred Henry was born a year later, in 1896. Vernon was born in 1897, John in 1899, and Mary in 1906.
<gallery mode="packed-hover"widths=142px heights=142px>
File:Alfredandwife.jpg|Alfred and Alice© Alfred Dunhill Ltd
File:Adwife.jpg|Alice Dunhill © Alfred Dunhill Ltd
File:ADChildren.jpg|thumb|right| Alfred's children - © Alfred Dunhill Ltd.
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File:ADwpipe.jpg| Alfred smoking a pipe - © Alfred Dunhill Ltd.
File:ADwpipe2.jpg| Alfred - © Alfred Dunhill Ltd.
File:Yourself.alfreddunhill-746x1024.jpeg|Alfred - © Alfred Dunhill Ltd.
With great energy and creativity, Alfred was also involved in building construction in mid-1902, concurrently with the motor business, and in 1905, after he sold his interest in Dunhill's Motorities, he opens a patent office. At the end of 1906 he was forced to leave this project to direct his energies to the growing demands of the tobacconary.
After much work and dedication, the first version of his book, "The Pipe Book" was published in 1924 (the same year as the 5th edition of "About Smoke"). The Pipe Book contained 262 pages in its first version, it suffered a decrease to 207 pages in the revision of 1969, although with the addition of the preface by Alfred H. Dunhill. It's a real treatise on the history of the pipes. Illustrated with 228 drawings, 30 photographs, and 3 maps containing detailed descriptions.
<gallery mode="packed-hover" widths=200px heights=200px caption="Reviewed Work: The Pipe Book by Alfred Dunhill - Man - Vol. 25 (May, 1925), pp. 78-79.">File:Manpag01.jpegFile:Manpag02.jpeg</gallery>
On November 23 (in the same year of the release), a column in the New York Times entitled "Books and Authors" congratulated Alfred Dunhill for making the pipe "a gentlemanly art". Alfred was also elected a member of the Royal Society of Arts in 1925 as a consequence of this work. The book has been available for several years in several versions. It was printed by several publishers over the years (1924 – 2011), varying between colored or black-and-white versions, simple or sophisticated.
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File:ADpiano.jpg|© Alfred Dunhill Ltd
File:OldADwpipe.jpg|© Alfred Dunhill Ltd
File:ADh.jpg|© Alfred Dunhill Ltd
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==Alfred Henry Dunhill==
[[File:Cigar-smoking-pipe-smoking-1.jpg|thumb|right|120px| Alfred H. Dunhill]]
[[File:Gazette at 10.58.14.png|thumb|right|120px| London Gazette - 1919 []]]
[[File:AHDQC.jpg|thumb|right|120px| Periodic Inspection for quality by Alfred H. Dunhill]]
[[File:Alfredhtcq.jpg|thumb|right|120px| Tobacco Inspection for quality by Alfred H. Dunhill]]
[[File:PbookAHD.jpg|thumb|right|120px| Pipe Book by Alfred H. Dunhill]]
[[File:Dm1.jpg|thumb|right|120px|Tobacco - 1st February 1941]]
[[File:20190731 104202.jpg|thumb|right|120px|A letter from Duke of Windsor to Alfred H. Dunhill - 1957]]
[[File:20190801 085843 960.jpg|thumb|right|120px|Alfred H. Dunhill on one of his visits to Sardinia, in search of briar root for pipes.]]
In a small house in Cricklewood Alfred Henry was born in 1896.
The Alfred's Dunhill firstborn. A tall and stately man, that became Chairman of the company on his father's retirement in 1928 - a post he held for 33 years.
<blockquote><q>My eldest and favourite brother - Alfred Henry, as I am calling him to distinguish his name from my father’s - was a thin lad of seventeen when he first went to work at Duke Street, quiet and shy like Father but with a sense of humor and a dry wit that endeared him to his colleagues.</q> Dunhill, Mary. Our Family Business (The Bodley Head - Great Britain, 1979).</blockquote>
In 1912 Alfred H. Dunhill joined the business and began his journey in the company as an apprentice (then at the age of 16) but, in 1914 the First World War began and Alfred Henry Dunhill leaves the business and joins the war effort. in 1918 Alfred Henry Dunhill won the Military Cross (MC at Frégicourt 1 Sep 1918 - 31158/1 Feb 1919) during the Battle of the Somme. He entered as a private and was discharged at the end of the war with the rank of captain. He was decorated with Military Cross, a third-level military award awarded to officers and squares of the British armed forces. He resumes its position in the company in 1919.
<blockquote><q>Alfred Henry, who was just over eighteen when war was declared, came home one day in the summer of 1914 in the uniform of a Private in the Queen's Royal Regiment. I remember that the tunic was much too short for his lanky body and that, before he kissed me goodbye, he showed me how he wound on his puttees. We didn’t see him again until he returned on leave after several weeks in the front-line trenches without once having the chance of taking his boots off. I screamed when he showed us the lice wriggling in the seams of that tunic with its short sleeves. Mother, I remember, made him strip in the garden, taking the uniform into the kitchen where she baked it in the oven.<br>
On his next leave Alfred Henry returned with a Sam Browne belt and the shoulder badges of a Captain who, apparently, for such was the death toll, had already had to act as Colonel. According to the hilarious story he made of it, he had had to parade on a spritely horse during a marchpast of his battalion after spending no more than a couple of hours in the saddle. Never a word about the mud, the rats, the deprivations, the terrifying bombardments and the unimaginable butchery of the Western Front. Like thousands of other boys who had gone to the front, Alfred Henry was one of those who returned with the face of a man who never spoke of what he had seen and felt.</q> Dunhill, Mary. Our Family Business (The Bodley Head - Great Britain, 1979).</blockquote>
His bravery was mentioned in a column of The London Gazette:
<blockquote>"'''2nd Lt. Alfred Henry Dunhill, R*. W. Surr. R. (Spec. Res.), attd. 7th Bn.'''
For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to ' duty on 1st September, 1918, in the attack on Fregicourt. After encountering considerable opposition, he maneuvered his company skilfully in a flank attack, which,
though harassed by heavy machine-gun fire resulted in the capture of over 200 prisoners. This success was largely the outcome of his coolness and daring." London Gazette, 1 February, 1919.</blockquote>
<blockquote><q>During World War J. Mr. Dunhill entered the army as a private and ended as a captain with the Military Cross. Once, in the Second World War when a bomb wrecked the company's offices in 1941, the chairman sat among the debris selling the remnants of the pipe stock to passers‐by.</q> The New York Times - July 9, 1971, Page 34. See more about it here [[WWII Phase]].</blockquote>
In 1st February 1941 in the edition of Tobacco, Arthur E. Todd wrote in his column, "Tobacco Notables" Interview No. 6: "The Story of the Dunhill Family".
<blockquote><q>'''Business That Grew from a Chance Idea in the Days of Draughty Motoring - Alfred Henry Dunhill in the Shop That is Their pride - 400 Prisoners Won Him the M.C. - Lamentable Case of Madame Le Brun.'''
Alfred Henry Dunhill puts me in mind of a young priest in charge of a temple full of things he treasures, and would like you, also, to enjoy. I know he will forgive me for saying this; for this tall slim man with the bushy nearly-black beard has a sense of quiet humor somewhere behind his wide: apart dark eyes. He could, I think, he grand company, if you got him away from “shop,” not in the way of noisy bonhomie, but in the way of stimulating conversation that would be full of thought. The chairman of Dunhills‘ smiles only occasionally, a wide smile that shows between curling mustache and curling beard - not, often when he is talking of the firm, the family, his father and his grandfather.
'''Through Those Hitler Countries'''
His surroundings are extremely different from theirs. You feel when you go into the large low-ceilinged shop in Duke-street (it has two separate floor-levels, with a step down, being on the slope of that brief but aristocratic West End thoroughfare) that if you were to give five minutes, on the average, to examining, appreciatively, all the articles there are in it, it would take you about a fortnight working eight hours a day. It has hosts of glass cases such as jewellers affect; the walls are all glass-cases; and displayed - say rather, disposed - in the cases, and on them, and all about, are what, tobacconists call fancy goods chosen, evidently, with meticulous care. That is small wonder. For wherever Hitler is now, in Europe, there (and, as the Yankees say, many places else) Mr. Dunhill has been, collecting, choosing, for customer - say, rather, clients - such little possessions as men like to have by them all their lives.
I should call the carpet of the shop, a plain carpet, light bronze. The whole effect of the place is light brown. It has delicately-ornate wood-work. How much plate-glass there is in it altogether I hesitate (in these explosive days) to think. The commissionaire at the Jermyn-street door-way is in a dark reddish-brown uniform, gold braided, with a woven gilt “A.D." on his lapels. No one would dare to just pop into Dunhills’. You are ushered in. Let all be done (the shop seems to say) decorously and in a proper manner: there is no hurry; you have come not to buy so much as to select; and of course you have the money to pay. Whereupon you wish you had - to pay for everything you can see.
It is important to place Mr. Dunhill in his shop; for I fancy the shop is his whole life - it, and the providing of it with pleasant things to sell. Not for him - again I am guessing - the dull business routine or the storm of quickfire buying and dealing. Keeping shop is to him a fine art. And who shall say that it is not?</q></blockquote>
The company's growing exponentially as an international tobacco and pipe‐making under his administration. In recognition of its export achievements, his sister, Mary Dunhill won the Queen's Award to Industry in 1966 and 1969. Alfred Henry was a scholar and sequenced his father's work, as we can see here:
<q>Mr. Dunhill maintained that tobacco was as rich and rewarding as wine or food, and he published several books on the subject. They included “The Gentle Art of Smoking” (1954) and “The Pipe Book,” a revised survey of the pipes of the world, first published by his father in 1926.</q> The New York Times - July 9, 1971, Page 34.
<center>'''The Pipe Book - Foreword by Alfred H. Dunhill'''</center>
<blockquote><q>For over forty years The Pipe Book seems to have appealed to both pipe smokers and the general reader interested in smoking as an aspect of social history. As a study of the pipe from earliest times, I believe it still has no rival.<br>
I am therefore glad to introduce a revised edition with new illustrations based mainly on pipes in the Dunhill collection. Apart from minor changes the text is as my father wrote it in 1924.</q> , Alfred H. Dunhill, 1969.</blockquote>
The book “The Gentle Art of Smoking” looks at the history of Tobacco (growing, preparation, etc) and moves on to Pipes and Cigars.
<center>'''The Gentle Art of Smoking - Introduction'''</center>
<blockquote><q>It is not necessary to be a member of the Tobacco Trade to realize that the world-wide practice of smoking is rapidly becoming, except for a small minority, a lost art and a limited pleasure. Indeed, many smokers in the furious tempo of modern life have freely admitted that it is only an essential narcotic for frayed nerves. For them choice Havana cigars, hand-made cigarettes and lustrous meerschaum pipes, which graced the smoking-rooms of fifty years ago, must seem almost as remote as the elaborate smoking paraphernalia which brought such excitement to Elizabethan England. Today the ubiquitous cigarette has robbed most of us of these former glories and gripped us by the throat. Smoking has become habit, and habit, proverbially, blunts the edge of pleasure.<br>
To one whose business it is to interest the public in the whole realm of smoking, all this is a very great pity. Yet it is not wholly explained by the economic problems of the day. He who smokes at all can afford to vary the way in which he smokes and to learn a little more about the pleasure which, to say the least of it, is expensive enough. But having tried to cater for the whims and caprices of smokers for many years, I am sure that a little sound knowledge of tobacco and some spirit of adventure are the very qualities that the majority of smokers lack. Deeply conservative, so many are prepared to pay large annual sums without considering how they may get the most enjoyment in return. Smoking is held to be something that you learn about instinctively, or a habit that requires little investigation. People with such an attitude shut their eyes to what they spend and what they smoke. As a result, cigars are bought, mishandled and sometimes wasted. Pipes which are the product of many years of skill and craftsmanship are bought by people who have little more than fancy to guide their choice, and smoked in ways that make it impossible for them to give satisfaction. Some brands of tobacco give delight to a few, but are never sampled by the majority. Cigarettes are sometimes selected as though the only distinguishing feature was the color and shape of the box.</q> Dunhill, A. H. The Gentle Art of Smoking (1954 and later reprints).</blockquote>
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He retires in 1961 (chairmanship taken over by his sister Mary Dunhill) and dies ten years later.
<blockquote><q>My brother, Alfred Henry, who had become President of the Group on my appointment as chairman, died in 1971. Having worked in the firm for almost sixty years, he had been chairman for thirty-three of them and, in my view, had done more to promote the original business, as Father and Uncle Bertie had known it, than any other man in its history. When he joined the staff at the shop in 1912 the profits were £1000 per annum. By the time of his death they were over £1 million. The fact that they had risen to over £4 million by the time my nephew, Richard, succeeded me as chairman in 1976 is an indication of our growth rate in the early ’seventies, especially in the foreign markets I have mentioned. The business today is not only larger than it was during Alfred Henry’s time; it is differently managed and somewhat different in character. I therefore regard the end of my brother’s career as a kind of watershed which, historically, separates the earlier business from what it has become.</q> Dunhill, Mary. Our Family Business (The Bodley Head - Great Britain, 1979).</blockquote>
Alfred Henry Dunhill (Aged 75 years.), president of the Dunhill Tobacco group, and a leading figure In the British tobacco industry, died today at Hove, Sussex. He was 75 years old.
He is survived by his widow, Phyllis, and a sister who is chairman of the company. London, July 8 — published in The New York Time - July 9, 1971.
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In 1861 Frederick Dunhill (1807-1876) had a coal merchant at 2 Barnsbury Place, in north London, but by 1839 he was also manufacturing sacking (packaging company - manufacture of covers and woven bags) in which to sell it. Henry (1842-1901) The youngest among his five children, worked as an apprentice. In 1870, with Frederick's death, Henry takes over the business. Later he also became a piano merchant. The business was located on Euston Road (a road in central London that goes from Marylebone Road to King's Cross) where he also began to manufacture, gaining emphasis, accessories for carriage and riding, such as saddlery and harness.
In 1896 <blockquote><q>The first mention of the automobile revolution began to occupy its space in the streets of London. Henry soon realized that this movement posed company was as long ago as 1793 when a future threat to his businessDunhill ancestor was "concerned with outfitting for horse traffic". At 55 The next 100 years passed relatively uneventfully until, in 1893, 21-year-oldAlfred Dunhill took over his father's business, which sold horse leathers, saddlery and accessories for carriages in the Euston Road, London.<br>Although he was no longer well had served an apprenticeship in health harness-making and considered his retirement.When travelled with a fire destroyed a section of his store in 1897pony and cart selling carriage blinds, Henry decided it Alfred was time quick to abandon horse traction for his son to take over motor cars as soon as the business. Mary reported, 1896 Locomotives on Highways Act raised the national speed limit from 4mph (with a certain occasion, that her grandfather told that red flag man walking in one night, he came home and said: "So you want front) to take it over, Alfred?"a slightly less restrictive 12mph. Astute </q> Weird and already glimpsing the market, Alfred said yes and they shook hands. A few weeks later, Henry retiredwonderful - Telegraph by David Burgess-Wise in 16 Aug 2003.</blockquote>
In 1896 the automobile revolution began to occupy its space in the streets of London. Henry soon realized that this movement posed a future threat to his business. At 55 years old, he was no longer well in health and considered his retirement. When a fire destroyed a section of his store in 1897, Henry decided it was time for his son to take over the business. Mary reported, on a certain occasion, that her grandfather told that in one night, he came home and said: "So you want to take it over, Alfred?". Astute and already glimpsing the market, Alfred said yes and they shook hands. A few weeks later, Henry retired.
[[File:Eroad.jpg|thumb|right|200px| Euston Road - 1900]]
[[File:Adahdmd.jpg|thumb|right|200px| Alfred, Alfred Henry and Mary Dunhill]]
And here is where Alfred Dunhill begins his historic journey. In 1887, Alfred, Henry's third son, became an apprentice in his father's harness business. In mid-1893, then at the age of 21, Alfred emerged as an entrepreneur after taking over the saddlery business of his father, which ends up dying a few years later.
<q>Father was driving to and from his business in the De Dion motor-car which was his latest infatuation. He claimed that it was the third car to enter the country and, though he never became the sort of enthusiast who was prepared to spend more time under the bonnet than in the driving seat, he soon turned his passion for cars to practical effect by opening, close to the Easton Road premises, another enterprise.</q> Dunhill, Mary, Our Family Business (The Bodley Head - Great Britain, 1979).
In 1897, the harness business is expanding and now has accessories for motor vehicles on Euston Road 145-147, London. In 1900 the business is expanding and extended with the founding of the Discount Motor Car Company, directed to the sale by correspondence of automotive accessories established on the 108 of Euston Road. In 1901, the Motor Mart Employment Agency, specializing in the maintenance of automotive vehicles, starts operating at the same address. <blockquote><q>To cater for this growing clientele, Dunhill set up an employment agency for motor mechanics, a motor discount company and published a magazine called Motor Mart.</q> Weird and wonderful - Telegraph by David Burgess-Wise in 16 Aug 2003.</blockquote>Through the Motor Mart Alfred also sold many cars in those days, but the manufacturers supplied him cars without any of the essential accessories, he soon moved out of car trading and began yet another business called Dunhill's Motorities. That same year, Henry, Alfred's father, dies.[[File:Eroad.jpg|thumb|right|250px| Euston Road - 1900]][[File:Adahdmd.jpg|thumb|right|250px| Alfred, Alfred Henry and Mary Dunhill]][[File:WSpatent.jpg|thumb|right|250px| Wind-shield Patent]] <!--T:31-->In July 1902, seeing beyond car and correspondence sales decides to open the first store fully specialized in automotive accessories. It was the "Dunhill's Motorities" on Conduit Street, N. 2-London. In 1903, Alfred Dunhill LTD (its predecessor company) is incorporated. 
<blockquote><q>The business was the biggest of its kind in the country and Father, handicapped by lack of funds, was obliged to ask an associate to join him and form a limited company. This enabled them to extend the Euston Road premises and open two shops In Conduit Street, in the West End, which specialized in fur-lined coats, footmuffs, gauntlets, dust-veils, and all the other paraphernalia that these early motorists required.</q> Dunhill, Mary, Our Family Business (The Bodley Head - Great Britain, 1979).</blockquote>
In a few years, the business has advanced, becoming a reflection in the market of luxury automotive accessories, resulting in the opening of two stores of Dunhill's Motorities in Mayfair, a central area of London, in the district of Westminster. At this point, Dunhill had become known not only for commercializing car parts, but also to provide clothes and other motoring accessories. The catalogue of the "Dunhill's Motorities " presented more than 1,300 items at the time.
 In 1904, another Dunhill's Motorities store is open on Conduit Street, N. 5. Also that same year, a department of wholesale and export was opened occupying two buildings on the Euston Road<gallery mode="packed-359-361. Still in 1904, after careful registration of patent, Alfred launches a pipe with a protective shield that aimed to combat the effects of the wind in open car - was the famous and iconic hover"Windshield Pipecaption=".  <blockquote><q>The first wind-shield pipes were patented in 1904 and sold from 1904/05 onwards, while Alfred Dunhill operated his “Dunhill's Motorities business. The Duke Street tobacconist store did not exist yet, it only opened in 1907. Therefore, those early pipes, to my best knowledge, were stamped on the stem with DUNHILL’s over PATENT (patent number App 25261, applied in 1904, issued in 1905).</q> '''Hener''', K. S., Product Line Director - The White Spot Smoker's Accessory Division and Walthamstow site.</blockquote> The promotion flyer said:<br><br><blockquote>'''''A Joy to Outdoor Smokers.''''' '''''Is indispensable to the sportsman, the yachtsman, the automobilist, the billiard player. It is, indeed, a boon and comfort to every pipe smoker.'''''</blockquote><br>The following catalog pages are from this periodMotorities: <gallery mode="packed-hover">
 In 1903, Alfred also ventured with timepieces. Dunhill were selling timepieces as early ago as 1903, explains Simon Critchell, the worldwide president of Dunhill. Typical of Alfred Dunhill’s ingenuity was the remarkable item known as Dunhill’s Speedograph. This highly specialised timekeeping instrument offered its user a sophis- ticated fly-back chronograph, the seconds hand of which made two revolutions per minute, thus enabling the user to count off fractions as small as a tenth of a second, while another feature enabled the user to read in miles per hour the speed of an object being timed. Such accuracy and function- ality would be remarkable on a mechanical timepiece today... not least in 1903. See the full article here: [ "Mechanisms For the Modern" by Nicholas Foulkes, QP Magazine 2007].[[File:Wspipebanner.jpg|thumb|right|150px| Windshield Pipe - flyer]][[File:WSpatent.jpg|thumb|right|150px| Wind-shield Patent]] In 1904, another Dunhill's Motorities store is open on Conduit Street, N. 5. Also that same year, a department of wholesale and export was opened occupying two buildings on the Euston Road-359-361.<blockquote><q>In 1904, Dunhill's headquarters moved in a more fashionable direction along the Euston Road to an impressive corner site that incorporated showrooms, workshops and offices. Presumably it was where the chauffeurs and footmen came to try on their liveries.</q> Weird and wonderful - Telegraph by David Burgess-Wise in 16 Aug 2003.</blockquote> Still in 1904, after careful registration of patent, Alfred launches a pipe with a protective shield that aimed to combat the effects of the wind in open car - was the famous and iconic "Windshield Pipe". <blockquote><q>The first wind-shield pipes were patented in 1904 and sold from 1904/05 onwards, while Alfred Dunhill operated his “Dunhill's Motorities business. The Duke Street tobacconist store did not exist yet, it only opened in 1907. Therefore, those early pipes, to my best knowledge, were stamped on the stem with DUNHILL’s over PATENT (patent number App 25261, applied in 1904, issued in 1905).</q> '''Hener''', K. S., Product Line Director - The White Spot Smoker's Accessory Division and Walthamstow site.</blockquote>The promotion flyer said:<blockquote><q>'''''A Joy to Outdoor Smokers.'''''<br>'''''Is indispensable to the sportsman, the yachtsman, the automobilist, the billiard player. It is, indeed, a boon and comfort to every pipe smoker.'''''</q></blockquote>
"(...)hoping to combat some of the difficulties a smoker would face while driving. It was this sort of innovation in response to the customer’s needs that would make Dunhill Pipes the leader in its field. "[]
[[File:Wspipebanner.jpg|thumb|right|150px| Windshield Pipe - flyer]]
[[File:Wspipe.jpg|thumb|right|200px| Dunhill Shell 4112 - ©Pfeifenkonsulat]]
<blockquote>"the initial windshield pipes were not a success. Within a few years, many were recut to a flat top bowl and sold off at a discount." Loring, J. C., The Dunhill Briar Pipe - The Patent Years and After (self-published, Chicago, 1998).</blockquote>
 It wasn't a tremendous success but had a catalyst effect on young Alfred. In 1905, Alfred left the automotive business and opened another company for the development of patents, at Argyll Place, N.8 - London. At the same time, other stores at Dunhill's Motorities have been opened in Edinburgh, Manchester, and the Cecil Hotel in London.
<q>He turned his interest in gadgets and marketable ideas into a small but lucrative business. 'Little ideas properly worked bring fortunes' was the slogan in a press advertisement offering the public his opinion on the merits of minor inventions in return for a small cash payment.
And onto his desk, one day came that all-important pipe with a wind-shield which first turned his thoughts in the directions of the tobacco trade.</q> Dunhill, Mary, Our Family Business (The Bodley Head - Great Britain, 1979).
 At the same time, other stores at [[File:Wspipe.jpg|center|460px| Dunhill's Motorities have been opened in Edinburgh, Manchester, and the Cecil Hotel in London.Shell 4112 - ©Pfeifenkonsulat]]
<q>Since his apprenticeship to the family harness-making business, he had already built up and sold his interest in an enterprise called Dunhill's Motorities which had seized upon a market still in its infancy by selling special clothing and accessories to the earliest motorists.</q> Dunhill, Mary, Our Family Business (The Bodley Head - Great Britain, 1979).
<q>Notwithstanding that lack of initial success, Alfred Dunhill sold his own car to raise the capital to open a tobacco shop at 31a Duke Street.</q> Loring, J. C., The Dunhill Briar Pipe - The Patent Years and After (self-published, Chicago, 1998).
[[File:Thetelegraph.jpg|thumb|left|120px| The Telegraph]]
In an article called '''"Weird and wonderful"''' for The Telegraph, published By David Burgess-Wise in 16 Aug 2003 - It's a humorous and interesting historical summary.
<blockquote><q>Today's drivers want CD players and sat-nav systems. But the motorists of yesteryear equally craved their 'toys'. David Burgess-Wise recalls the impact of Dunhill's stores for motorists.
True to its Edwardian slogan "Everything but the Motor", coined in the days when it supplied pioneering "automobilists" with a host of accessories for their horseless carriages, the luxury goods company Dunhill this year sponsored the Goodwood Festival of Speed's Soapbox Challenge, where motors are forbidden.</q> See the full article [ here].</blockquote>
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At first, the focus was on tobaccos. As he himself defined in his first catalog, published in 1910, called "About Smoke ", he was an expert in making blends, which he exhibited prominently in his entry window: "Tobacco specialist". Alfred Dunhill was a born merchant, and when he opened his first tobacco shop, he knew exactly where he wanted it to go.
In the following images- probably taken by Alfred, we have Alfred and his two three assistants(Bill Carter on the left, Mr. Jelley and Mr. McEwan) with whom he shared the tasks. He used to go to the store every day in the afternoon. The second color image (the third in order), is part of Dunhill's Centennial commemoration Set of 2007.<gallery mode="packed-hover"widths=200px heights=200px>
File:Ds1.jpg|© Alfred Dunhill Ltd
File:Ds2.jpg|© Alfred Dunhill Ltd
Alfred was restless and always wanted to hone his products, taking him (in 1912) to leave the blends tailored in the background. This was when Alfred presented his own mixtures "in-house", they were: the "Royal Yacht" (Virginia), "Cuba" (Cigar Leaf) and "Durbar" (Latakia, Oriental/Turkish, Virginia). Products acclaimed up to the present day.
<gallery mode="packed-hover"widths=150px heights=150px>
File:Dry.jpg|© About Smoke - Alfred Dunhill Ltd
File:Durbar2.jpg|© About Smoke - Alfred Dunhill Ltd
<q>Alfred opened a small factory of his own in 1910. He set down two principles that would guide the production of Dunhill Pipes. First, pipes would be made of only the finest quality briar, with exacting care by expert craftsmen. Secondly, the pipes would be priced accordingly; the customer would recognize the value of a superior product. This ran counter to the current trend of inexpensive pipes of lessor quality that one simply discarded after a short while. The Dunhill pipe was made to last a lifetime and always with an eye to the utility. It must smoke well and continue to do so with age. To this end, Alfred invented the aluminum ‘inner tube’ to keep the innards of the pipe clean. When the pipe became dirty the tube could simply and easily be replaced. Note, of course, that this innovation predated the widespread use of pipe cleaners.
In 1912, the famous white spot was introduced for very practical concerns. With straight pipes, customers had trouble knowing which way to insert the handmade vulcanite mouthpieces. So Alfred Dunhill ordered white spots to be placed on the upper side of the stem. This very practical solution would become a definitive trademark of Dunhill pipes. The “white spot” soon became known as a symbol of quality.</q>[] Before the war, Alfred faced many difficulties, in this period a member of his team stands out, as Mary related: <blockquote>"During the years we lived in Harrow before the First World War, I was too young to take in much about the new business. Nor did Father later say very much about his hard times; I think he preferred to forget them. So I have gathered many of my impressions about his activities at that time from a jovial man called Bill Carter who, having been taken on with the other two members of the staff as a boy of fourteen, looked back on those days with the pride of a pioneer. As a senior member of the Duke Street sales staff in later years, Bill Carter had formed lasting relationships with almost everyone he had ever served, from Indian princes and royalty to the customers who bought cigars one at a time. He even became persona grata at 10, Downing Street during the last war because it was his business to ensure that Winston Churchill was well supplied with his favorite cigars, often a conspicuous part of his V for Victory salute. Even so, I’m certain that this kindly, cheerful man, even in his sixties, still thought the most exciting moment in his life was the day he persuaded Father to take him on at a wage of nine shillings a week. [[File:Billcarter.jpg|thumb|right|220px|Bill Carter © Alfred Dunhill Ltd]]And how Bill Carter had to work for those twenty-three pounds a year. All day he was occupied in tidying, polishing, everlastingly putting pipes back in their mahogany cabinets, answering the telephone, sweeping up every shred of tobacco that fell onto the green carpet, dressing the window after closing time, presenting himself punctually every morning with polished shoes and a clean collar. If he was shouted for, he dropped whatever he was doing and ran. Yes, ran, for Bill Carter spent half his life on the run. Something of an athlete in his youth, he would leave his home in Wandsworth in the early hours of the morning and jog-trot the three and a half miles to Duke Street, returning by the same means at night. If there were parcels of cigarettes and cigars for delivery, as there usually were, he would put the penny he was given for the horse-bus into his pocket and start running towards Regent’s Park or Kensington or wherever he had to go. Nor did Father ever ask him for his penny back. He must have thought his delivery service cheap at the price.  What Father didn’t reckon with was the long-term credit most of his well-to-do customers took for granted. For if, as Bill Carter explained, every item of merchandise in the shop had to carry a tag to save customers the embarrassment of having to ask the price, what would have been their reaction if confronted with an account simply because it had been unpaid for several months? Father knew only too well. If tailors and other West End merchants could somehow arrange their business so that impertinent requests of this sort didn’t have to be made, why not a struggling tobacconist? Of this situation all too many customers took advantage with the result that Father extended their credit far beyond the limits of his own.  His creditors quickly realised what was happening. It was not a situation they were likely to tolerate for long. Within the first two years of trading they called meeting after meeting until Bill Carter was the only assistant Father could afford to keep on. On one occasion, when bankruptcy seemed inevitable, one friendly cigar importer saved the day for him by praising Father’s enterprise and originality, urging his fellow creditors to give the business the benefit of a few more weeks." Dunhill, Mary. Our Family Business (The Bodley Head - Great Britain, 1979).</blockquote>
With the advent of the First Great War in July 1914, many of its customers ended up in the trenches of northern France, where Dunhill sent boxes of tobacco, pipes and hygiene items. Alfred sent the sealed boxes, declared and labeled "castor oil", which smelled strong and penetrating, to avoid miscarriage and ensure that it reached the front. Inside the box, in addition to the courtesies, Alfred suggested in a letter that some items would be shared with other officers. Invariably, these items were part of the parallel trade that existed in the theater of war. In addition to French – obviously, there were Americans, Canadians, and Belgians (among others) in the region. The confluence of these factors favored the diffusion of the brand around the globe.
The company grew exponentially after the war. It is estimated that in 1914 Dunhill had sold 10,000 pipes, jumping to 30,000 in 1916, 134,000 in 1918 and 276,000 in 1921. In 1923 the international demand was gigantic, resulting in the creation of an exclusive export department. Dunhill also initiated numerous partnerships with Cuban cigar manufacturers([[Dunhill Cigars]]), selling exclusive brands. With the success of his store in London, he expanded to New York in 1921 and Paris three years later.[[File:Cigars.jpg|thumb|right|210px| Selected Cigars ([[Dunhill Cigars]])]][[File:Cigars2.jpg|thumb|right|210px| La Flor de Lorenz([[Dunhill Cigars]])]]
[[File:Dhlondon.jpg|thumb|right|210px| Dunhill Around the World]]
In 1923, a remarkable year, the company opened its capital in the stock exchange authorizing an initial capital injection of 300,000 pounds sterling (GBP). The 1920s and 30s were successful years. Dunhill developed ties with the royalty, supplying George VI with tobacco through the thirties. Later during WWII, the company kept Winston Churchill constantly supplied with the cigars ([[Dunhill Cigars]]) that would become such an essential part of the famous British icon.
<q>The company expanded, offering specially designed pipes during the 1920s that would be marked OD for ‘own design.’ This concern for marking and always having patent numbers on pipes is what allows for much of the dating process today. The stamping during the twenties was inconsistent and some of the early shell pieces lack marking altogether. In the 1930s there was a desire to standardize. A shape chart was developed that used numbers and letters to signify a specific shape. Each new pipe would be stamped to identify its size and shape.</q>[]
Alfred retires in 1928 with health problems, leaving his brother Herbert ahead for a few months until his first son, Alfred Henry could take his position. Richard Dunhill (the Firstborn of Vernon), years later, gives the understanding that Herbert was the head of the company until his death in the ages of 1950. He lived in Monte Carlo and participated in the management of the business through correspondence – letters, telegrams, and punctual visits. Alfred Henry, like his uncle Herbert and his brother, Vernon, began his journey in the company as an apprentice in 1912, then at the age of 16. In 1914, with the beginning of the war, he was absent from the business to serve the army. He entered as a private and was discharged at the end of the war with the rank of captain. He was decorated with Military Cross, a third-level military award awarded to officers and squares of the British armed forces. He he resumes its position in the company in 1919. Mary, Alfred's youngest daughter, joins 1924, 18 years old. Alfred Henry and Mary begin to have more effective participation in 1929, facing the difficulties of Uncle Herbert with modern commercial practices. Between 1923 and the beginning of 1970, 95% of the company's revenues were related to tobacco consumption, the accessories accounted for only 5%. After expansion and strategic reformulation in the years 70, these numbers changed order.
Dunhill Pipes are now prized collector pieces and the most famous pipes in the world. Alfred envisioned the Dunhill Pipe to be something special, a pipe to be coveted for its quality, sophistication, and refinement. Alfred Dunhill’s vision continues today. To Smoke a Dunhill is to experience this tradition, a tradition of excellence that is perhaps the greatest in the world of pipes."[]
<gallery mode="packed-hover"widths=200px heights=200px>
File:Loja.jpg| Dunhill Shop
File:Loja1.jpg| Interior of the Dunhill shop
File:Mmbookmw.jpg| My Mixture Book
File:LRM EXPORT 418571406865563 20191022 124651013.jpeg| Alfred and Bill Carter - 1907/8.
''Parts of this article are courtesy of Smokingpipes [], and used by permission''
====Pipe Workshop====
[[File:Alfredmachine.jpg|thumb|right|200px| Alfred and his machine, Adolphus - courtesy Jon Guss.]]
[[File:Screen_Shot_2562-09-07_at_17.02.30.png|thumb|right|200px| Briar Selection. ©About Smoke]]
[[File:Screen_Shot_2562-09-07_at_17.02.42.png|thumb|right|200px| Briar Selection. ©About Smoke]]
[[File:Screen_Shot_2562-09-07_at_17.02.59.png|thumb|right|200px| Alfred's Workshop ©About Smoke]]
[[File:Screen_Shot_2562-09-07_at_17.21.07.png|thumb|right|200px| Briar Selection. ©About Smoke]]
[[File:Screen_Shot_2562-09-07_at_1700000IMG 00000 BURST20191102150900988 COVER.21.19.pngjpg|thumb|right|200px| Briar Selection. ©About SmokeOutdoor Smokers]] 
Loring stated in his book that between 1907 and March 1910 (before establishing the manufacturing facility) Alfred's pipes were not made by him. He bought fully manufactured pipes, (most probably) made out of varnished Algerian briar, in four shapes. These were thick shanked, thin shanked, military mount billiards, and a bulldog. After this period, the pipes came from France.
At that time, it was common practice in commerce to offer other companies surplus stummels at agreed prices. Cadogan used to sell Grade A to Dunhill, and buy him Grade II, III, and IV stummels. But they did not finish the pipes for the other companies: to sell stummels of grade A to Dunhill was more profitable than to make them pipes!</q> See the full article [ here]</blockquote>
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[[File:mdrd.jpg|thumb|right|The family managing the business for decades. Mary and Richard Dunhill: portraits of Alfred and Alfred Henry behind. © Alfred Dunhill Ltd.]]
<q>Alfred Dunhill is one of the brands of the Richemont group and we, The White Spot division, are one of the product divisions within Alfred Dunhill Limited (like Menswear, Leather Goods, Hard products, etc). The pipes are stamped Alfred Dunhill's THE WHITE SPOT. All Dunhill tobacco-related interests (cigarettes, cigars([[Dunhill Cigars]]), pipe tobacco) were sold a long time ago to Rothmans (who many years later merged with BAT). They still belong to BAT today.</q> '''Kalmon S. Hener''', Product Line Director of The White Spot division. May-2019.
*The factory is located in a district in northeastern London, Walthamstow, since 1982. '''See pictures and video here: [[Dunhill Factory]]'''
[[File:Emailing Pipe-Tobaccos-10-4Fall.jpg|thumb|left|90px|P&T]]
In the magazine ''Pipes and Tobaccos'' - fall 2010, there is an article By Stephen A. Ross called: "A century of excellence" that talks about the past, the present and the future of the brand. It also talks about the current manufacture of Dunhill pipes and a little about Mr. Kalmon Hener, one of our contributors and Product Line Director of the White Spot Division.
<blockquote><q>A century after Alfred Dunhill opened his first pipe workshop, Dunhill pipes continue to be synonymous with English excellence. Guarding the flame a century after Alfred Dunhill provided the spark is Kalmon S. Hener, the general manager of Alfred Dunhill Ltd.’s smoking accessory division, now known as the White Spot Division; Stephen Wilson, the production manager who has been with Dunhill for more than 40 years; and approximately 20 employees who make pipes and leather goods at Dunhill’s legendary factory on St. Andrew’s Road in Walthamstow, an area in northeast London not far from White Hart Lane, home stadium to the English Premier League’s Tottenham Hotspur Football Club.<br><br>Dunhill’s position atop the pipe market is strong. According to Hener, 2009 sales in the United States alone were up by more than 60 percent, making it the top market for Dunhill pipes.</q> Pipes and Tobaccos - Fall 2010.</blockquote>
* '''See the full article [ here], from page 8 to 11.'''
=== Current Dunhill Catalogs ===
* The White Spot - Product News, July 2017 (2017-1) [ here].
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*The factory is located in a district in northeastern London, Walthamstow, since 1982. See pictures here: [[Dunhill Factory]]  ==== Video Interview with Richard Dunhill ====
The following video is a wonderful interview of Richard Dunhill from 11-14-1984. Richard is referred to here as "Old Alfred's Grandson". <br><br>
<center>'''''©Royal BC Museum: Jack Webster and BCTV.'''''</center>
'''Note:''' Richard Dunhill, the grandson of the founder of Alfred Dunhill Ltd., died on August 26, 2016, at the age of 89, having been an employee for 68 years. A son of Vernon Dunhill and grandson of Alfred Dunhill, Mr. Richard, as he was respectfully addressed by most staff, joined the Company in March 1948. He was appointed Executive Director in 1958, Full Director in 1961, Chairman of the Group in 1975 then President in 1989. He celebrated 50 years with the Company in 1998 and became its life-long honorary president.<br>
*See the full article here: [[Remembering Richard Dunhill]] By [[Ben Rapaport]].'''
*See more about Richard Dunhill: "For London's Richard Dunhill, Life's a Lovely Pipe Dream" - (04/13/1981) [ '''here''']
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'''Note== Dunhill Commercial ==[[File:''' Richard S-l1600.jpeg|thumb|right|140px|Dunhill, Flyer - 1983]]<Blockquote><q>From the day Bill Carter accidentally dropped one onto the green carpet and they had noticed how this colour enhanced the grandson appearance of the founder of Alfred Dunhill Ltd.grain, died pipes were always presented on August 26a green pad under a strong light by salesmen wearing cotton gloves. And so that salesmen could give undivided attention to his costumer, 2016his colleagues - including Father himself - tidied the counter for him , at putting away unwanted pipes in the age drawers of 89their cabinets.</q> '''Dunhill''', having been an employee for 68 yearsMary, Our Family Business (The Bodley Head - Great Britain, 1979).</blockquote>The following video is a commercial that shows us a bit of Dunhill in 1981. See the full article here: <br><br>[[Remembering Richard File:DunhillCommercial 1981.mp4|center|700px]] By [[Ben Rapaport]].
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[[file:Thespot.jpg|thumb||right|The White Spot]]
Although Alfred Dunhill was brilliant, he certainly did not imagine that this indicative dot would become his trademark. In 1923, Dunhill had to go to the courts to defend his creation, which was being replicated by Vauen[[VAUEN]]. Dunhill was successful, while Vauen had to restrict its use to the German and Austrian borders.The White Spot trade mark was first registered in 1923, eleven years after its introduction. <blockquote><q>(...)One small problem emerged, however, as customers could not tell which way up to insert the hand-cut vulcanite mouthpiece of straight pipes into the stems of the pipes. Alfred Dunhill therefore ordered white spots to be placed on the true upper sides of the mouthpieces, and thus a world-famous trade mark was created.</q> Balfour, Michael, Alfred Dunhill, One Hundred Years and More (Weidenfield and Nicolson, London, 1992).</blockquote>
<blockquote><q>According to Bill Carter, the White Spot was introduced soon after the pipe-making unit was moved in 1912 from 28 Duke Street to 6 Mason’s Yard, about 40 yards down Duke Street on the left. Mason’s Yard is an interesting and ancient enclave. It was originally called St Alban’s Mews, after the Earl of St Albans, whose trustees were granted the freehold of the whole area in 1665 by the Crown. It was probably renamed after Richard Mason who, in the 1730s, was granted a victualler’s licence for the house that became the Mason’s Arms.</q> Balfour, Michael, Alfred Dunhill, One Hundred Years and More (Weidenfield and Nicolson, London, 1992)</blockquote> <blockquote><q>By the early 1920's the White Spot had become identified with Dunhill and a trademark for the same was obtained in 1922. In 1923 the company prevailed in enforcing the mark against the white dot of another pipe manufacture (Wolf), and about the same time in America (but not in Europe) against the blue dot of the then new Sassini pipe. On some bits however, mainly amber and ivory, the Dunhill White Spot is really a small black circle that effects the appearance of a White Spot.</q> Loring, J. C., The Dunhill Briar Pipe, The Patent Years and After (self-published, Chicago, 1998).</blockquote>  At first, this rounded marking was thinner and made in celluloid, a species of an acrylic predecessor, which was used until the mid-40s, when it was replaced by high-quality acrylic. Because of its appearance, it was defended for years and by many, that the point was made in ivory. However, that is a widespread legend that lasted for years, as evidenced by the information and tests executed in the Pipes Magazine Forum, in a post called "Dunhill White Spot Drama". See the full article [ here].
*5861/12 was the first patent registered. However, there are other patents for these same tubes, with records in different countries. Examples: 1130806/15-158709/14-116989/17-1343253/20-197365/20-491232/19.
<blockquote><q>Aluminium inner tubes for the Dunhill pipes were patented in March 1912, but they were being fitted about eighteen months earlier. They sold at one shilling for a packet of six.</q> Balfour, Michael, Alfred Dunhill, One Hundred Years and More (Weidenfield and Nicolson, London, 1992).</blockquote><gallery mode="packed-hover"widths=160px heights=160px>File:Screen Shot 2562-12-05 at 14.09.30.png||© About Smoke
'''Note:'''<q> The aluminium tubes are still being manufactured (for straight pipes only) and can be purchased from authorised White Spot retailers worldwide. The product sku is PA3104 or now DUPA3104.</q> Hener, K. S., Product Line Director - The White Spot Smoker's Accessory Division and Walthamstow site.
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== About Sets - Pipe Cases == <!--T:50-->
[[File:Case2.jpg|thumb|right|145px|© Alfred Dunhill Ltd.]]
[[File:Case3.jpg|thumb|right|145px|© Alfred Dunhill Ltd.]]
[[File:Case4.jpg|thumb|right|145px|© Alfred Dunhill Ltd.]]
The first setup (see images on the right.) contains 7 pieces for the weekly rotation, where the days of the week related to each of the pipes, and others cases, including the "Book-Case" (with prices from the 1920's).
[[File:Case2.jpg|thumb|right|125px|© Alfred Dunhill Ltd.]][[File:Case3.jpg|thumb|right|125px|© Alfred Dunhill Ltd.]][[File:Case4.jpg|thumb|right|125px|© Alfred Dunhill Ltd.]]
In the following images (originally published in the United States Tobacco Journal, the most important in the tobacco industry) we have the Set which was presented by Alfred to the 29th president of the United States in 1921. Warren G. Harding was editor and owner of an important newspaper in Ohio, "the Marion Star ", as well as a member of the Senate before occupying the position of President.
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File:Pcase1.jpg|© Courtesy J. Guss.
File:Pcase2.jpg|© Courtesy J. Guss.
Next, a survivor Set - Alfred Era. It is a set of 3 pieces with a case, made from a single block of the best briar available at the time. Shapes: Billiard-60; Billiard-35; Dublin-42. Ao Series (Bruyère) introduced in 1910. It was the best-quality line, directed at the British nobility. On one side of the shank its stamped "Dunhill London", On the other side: "Inner Tube" Pat. No. 5861/12 5. This patent was used between 1913 and 1926. Therefore, these pieces are from 1925. On the stem: Reg. N °: 654638 and in the case: PAt. N °: 141486/19.
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File:201908181501175269884394208.jpg|© Yang.
File:Yangset2.jpg|© Yang - pics by Naddeo.
File:Yangset3.jpg|© Yang - pics by Naddeo.
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== About Shapes == <!--T:51-->
[[File:Tshapes1.jpg|thumb|right|250px|© Alfred Dunhill Ltd.]]
Currently 35 shapes. Occasionally a piece of briar is just asking to be carved into a different shape.
*'''Here we can see a little bit about them: [[Dunhill Shapes]]'''
*'''If you want to see the finishes, click [ here]'''
*'''If you want to see catalogues, click [ here]'''
The system of codes and acronyms was introduced in the early 1920's and remains to this day, however modifications have occurred over time.
 We had the opportunity to talk with Mr. Hener, who is the product line director of The White Spot division (the Dunhill pipe part of the company), who kindly clarified some issues.<br>
*'''See more about it here: [[Dunhill ShapesShape Chart]]'''
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== About Dunhill in France == <!--T:52-->
[[File:Dff5Dfs.jpg|thumb|right|150px|1937 - Rue de la Paix]][[File:Dff6Dfs1.jpg|thumb|right|150px|The Store Today]]
Dunhill had to diversify its offerings in order to enter the market in France due to a monopoly in the French tobacco industry. Alfred circumvented this challenge very cleverly, by diversifying his offerings (something that was previously practiced back with Dunhill's Motorities). Because the tobacco market was restricted, Dunhill positioned its tobacco offerings in the background of its advertising, while featuring male accessories in the foreground (valise, umbrellas, suits, etc.). Thus begins the new phase of Dunhill accessories, and its success entering the tobacco market in France. Some French Flyers:
<br><gallery mode="packed-hover"widths=168px heights=168px>File:Dff1.jpg
<br><center>'''The Store'''</center><gallery mode="packed-hover" >[[File:DfsDunhill Paris W.jpg1048.JPG||thumb|1937, Rue de la Paix, 15File:Dfs1.jpgleft|today</gallery><br>100px]]
*'''Note''': <q>DUNHILL PARIS</q>. During World War II Dunhill London was unable to supply the Paris retail shop. As a consequence it appears that the Paris shop sourced pipes during those war years from French carvers, stamping the bit with a "D" inside a diamond (very much like the Parker bit stamp which is a "P" within a diamond) - Loring.
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== About World War II == <!--T:53-->
In mid-1941, during the infamous Luftwaffe Blitz bombing of London, the Alfred Dunhill store (and many others in the surrounding area) were bombed and almost totally destroyed. The restoration was not fully completed until 1953. A popular piece of lore from that period is that Dunhill employees called Sir. Winston Churchill at 4:00 a.m. to ensure him that his private collection of cigars ([[Dunhill Cigars]]) housed in the store's humidifier had been transferred safely out of danger.
The Second World War was a difficult time. The rationing that the war promoted was so draconian that Dunhill suffered from the scarcity of raw material until the beginning of the 50 years in the post-war period.
*'''See more about this phase (including pipes stamps) here: [[WWII Phase]]'''
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== About Pipe Tobacco == <!--T:53-->
When Alfred Dunhill opened his shop on Duke Street in 1907 it was a tobacco shop. He was a tobacconist, or as he put it in his first catalog a “Mixture Specialist”, prominently displaying a sign in his shop window reading: “Tobacco Specialist”. But first and foremost Alfred Dunhill was a marketer and when he opened his tobacco shop he knew exactly where he wanted to go. In short order, however, he recognized that he had set his sights too low, this is a part of that story.
*'''See more about this story here: [[DUNHILL PIPE TOBACCO: 1907 – 1990]]'''
*'''See more about tinned tobacco here: [[On Dunhill Tinned Tobacco]]'''
*'''See more date tins here: [[DATING ENGLISH TINNED TOBACCO]]'''
*'''See our Tins Gallery here: [[Dunhill Tins Gallery]]
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== About Curiosities ==<!--T:53-->
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|<center>'''Prince Pipe Shape'''</center>
[[File:201911023498882077089214320.jpg|thumb|160px|right|Royal Warrant]]
[[File:Walesprince--pipe-smoking-cigar-smoking.jpg|thumb|160px|right|Prince of Wales]]
In 1921, only fourteen years after Alfred Dunhill opened his doors, his firm received its first Royal Warrant, as Tobacconist to Edward, Prince of Wales. To mark the happy and commercially valuable event, Alfred commissioned a new Shell Brair pipe shape, shape 314: it had an apple-shaped bowl and a slightly curved stem. Naturally, he named it the 'Prince'. Balfour, Michael, Alfred Dunhill, One Hundred Years and More (Weidenfield and Nicolson, London, 1992).
[[File:Princeshape314.jpeg|center|500px|About Smoke]]
<blockquote><q>The Royal Warrant Holders Association was formed in 1840. Its main objective is to ensure the continued existence of the Royal Warrant as a treasured and respected institution. A Royal Warrant of Appointment is a mark of recognition of those who have supplied goods or services to the Households of HM The Queen, HRH The Duke of Edinburgh or HRH The Prince of Wales for at least five years, and who have an ongoing trading arrangement.</q> The Royal Warrant Holders Association.</blockquote>
<q>Dunhill's most important early customer was Edward, Prince of Wales and Dunhill maintained a 'Royal Drawer' in the Duke Street shop in order to have the Prince's usual requisites always at hand. In 1921 Edward gave Dunhill it's first English Royal Warrant and Dunhill proudly displayed the same on it's "About Smoke" catalogues and numerous pipe related accessories and packaging until 1936, when after briefly ascending the throne, Edward abdicated. Edward continued to be a life long customer but following abdication dealt with the Paris and New York shops.
In honor of the 1921 Royal Warrant and with the Prince's permission, Dunhill designed and named a pipe in his honor, the 'Prince' (shape 314, a squat apple with a slightly bent, thin shank). It also blended a new pre-packaged tobacco blend in his honor, the 'Prince of Wales'. Additionally at the Edward's request, Dunhill carved a special 'Ol)' pipe for him in the shape of his profile and with a triangular shank. While both the Prince pipe and the Prince of Wales blend proved quite popular, particularly with Americans, Edward himself, at least in the 1920's, preferred the number 302 pipe shape because it accommodated the Dunhill pipe tobacco cartridge.</q> Loring, J. C., The Dunhill Briar Pipe, The Patent Years and After (self-published, Chicago, 1998).
<blockquote><q>No doubt the Royal Patronage, first granted in 1921 largely through the custom of Edward, Prince of Wales, a keen pipe smoker, caught their attention just as it attracted members of other royal families. Actors, politicians, writers, lawyers - members of just about every profession were becoming regular customers.</q> Dunhill, Mary, Our Family Business (1979).</blockquote>
*'''Note:''' Dunhill received it's first English Royal Warrant from Edward, Prince of Wales in 1921. Thereafter into the 1990's, a Royal Warrant has frequently been displayed in connection with pipes and pipe accessories (most notably pipe cases and tobacco tins) and can often be a useful dating tool. Loring.
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{| class="wikitable" style="margin: left;"
[[File:TZ3JLnn.jpg|thumb|right|110px|Pipe-Pack Tin.]][[File:VkHFFrW.jpg|thumb|right|110px|Pipe-Pack Tin.]][[File:X9MYt35.jpg|thumb|right|110px|Pipe-Pack Tin.]][[File:Ykwy04n.jpg|thumb|right|110px|Pipe-Pack Tin.]]
In 1921, September 19, Alfred filed patent for self-filling cartridges in US, registration No.[ 1490808]. (The British patent was granted in 1920, Patent No. 172198/20. Unfortunately, I did not find the original patent file to know - exactly - when it was registered and granted). This invention relates to improved means for charging or filling pipes for Smoking. The patent was granted in Apr. 15, 1924 in the United States.
<blockquote><q>For this purpose it has already been proposed to provide a cartridge formed from a cylindrical wad of tobacco furnished with a wrapping or envelope of paper or other material which can be readily torn and with a suitable length of tape or the like secured to the said wrapping or envelope and so disposed with respect thereto that the tape, will when pulled serve as means for tearing the wrapping or envelope and for removing the same either before or after the insertion of the cartridge into the bowl of the pipe.<br>
My present invention relates to an in proved form of cartridge, which is easy to manufacture and simple and convenient in use.</q> UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE - ALFRED DUNHILL, OF LONDON, ENGLAND. MEANS FOR CHARGING SMOKING PIPES. Serial No. 501,552.</blockquote>
The product appears in "About Smoke" catalog - "Dunhill Tobaccos" section.
<blockquote><q>''' — the cool, dry, mild smoke of a cigarette combined with the satisfying qualities of a pipe.'''</q> About Smoke.</blockquote>
<gallery mode="packed-hover" widths=173px heights=173px>
* See more about patent registration int the US [ here].
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{| class="wikitable" style="margin: left;"
|<center>'''Repairs to Dunhill Pipes'''</center>
[[File:Screen Shot 2562-12-05 at 14.10.13.png|thumb|right|195px|About Smoke - Repairs]]
The Dunhill developed a seal to assure its customers that the service had been executed at the factory. Here we have two examples: the first, with seal and label (Bruyère 1965). The second, only with the seal.
<blockquote><q>A SEAL is attached to every Dunhill Pipe after it has received attention in the Dunhill Factory</q></blockquote>
<gallery mode="packed-hover" widths=132px heights=132px>
File:FB_IMG_1571175596022.jpg| Pic by Vincenzo Nicoletti
File:FB_IMG_1571175599410.jpg| Pic by Vincenzo Nicoletti
File:FB_IMG_1571175602049.jpg| Pic by Vincenzo Nicoletti
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{| class="wikitable" style="margin: left;"
|<center>'''Dunhill London Mixture made in Germany'''</center>
'''Dunhill London Mixture made in Germany'''
[[File:Img 2000.jpg|thumb|150px|left|Dunhill London Mixture made in Germany]]
In 1938, Dunhill licensed the production of tobacco to a major company in Germany, the "German Tobacco Company Von Eicken ", in a negotiation that evolved slowly, beginning in 1926.
The curious fact is that this licensing occurred during the Nazi regime and the production continued until mid-1943, when the factory was bombed by the Allied forces in Hamburg. Observe at the bottom of the can: "Hergestellt in Deutschland ", which translated would be: "manufactured in Germany ".
<br> '''See the full article here: [[Vintage Dunhill tobacco made in… Germany!?]]'''
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[[File:2562-08-11 at 15.59.21.png|thumb|right| Alfred's Collection - ©CHRISTIE’S.]]
{| class="wikitable" style="margin: left;"
|<center>'''Pipe Dreams at Christie’s, The Private Collection of Pipes, Tobacco Jars & Books of Mr. Alfred Dunhill.'''</center>
[[File:2562-08-11 at 15.59.21.png|thumb|right| Alfred's Collection - ©CHRISTIE’S.]]
'''Pipe Dreams at Christie’s, The Private Collection of Pipes, Tobacco Jars & Books of Mr. Alfred Dunhill.'''
In 2004, [[Ben Rapaport]] made a trip to Richard Dunhill office to conduct a formal appraisal of the library that his grandfather had amassed, because it was headed to auction along with the antique pipe collection. The auction took place shortly thereafter on Wednesday 12 May 2004 at 10.30 am. The catalog description:
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align: center; color: black;"
|Christie’s South Kensington, London.|-|Furniture and Decorative Objects including The Private Collection of Pipes, Tobacco Jars and Books of Mr. Alfred Dunhill (FRN-9840).|-
|May 12, 2004
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==About Additional Stamps==
One of the many points that arouses curiosity, namely, the various nomenclature used through the time. Throughout the history of the brand many products have been launched and, with this, new stamps. Some remain inexplicable, staying only in the field of speculation. Others, however, bring to light valuable information. As a rule, they served for internal control of production, storage and handling, also assisting retailers. Here, we'll see some interesting and singular examples.
* '''See more about it here: [[Dunhill Additional Stamps]]'''
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= About Rarities =<!br><center>'''A Rare Dunhill Volcano'''</center>[[File:DunhillDR3FlameRightTop.jpg|thumb|right|180px]]<q>It is a highly unusual shape for a Dunhill, of course. It is graded 3 Amber Flames. This was one of 4 prototypes made for a set of pipes that were made for the Dunhill Jules Verne Journey to the Center of the Earth 3 pipe cased set that reportedly sold for $96,000 in Paris in the early 2000s. One of the 3 pipes was an extra large volcano similar to my pipe you see here. In other words, my pipe was one of the “loser" pipes. In the Dunhill volcano pipe that was finally chosen for the set, 24 karat gold “lava” was running down the sides of the bowl to represent lava erupting from the volcano (pipe) as in the novel.</q> Fred J. Hanna.<br>* '''See more pictures here: [[Rarities Gallery]]'''<br><div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"></div>--T:99-->
<center>'''Dunhill Cocktail Pipes Set.'''</center>Ladies pipe with interchangable bowls, circa 1918. All 4 bowls are cut out of single briar root. It was the best-quality line (A).Set has 2 stems and both are stamped with Dunhill Reg. Number.Pipes were made at the end of 1918. Original Dunhill patented case is dated 1919.Only 1 bowl (picture 2) has been very lightly smoked - there are traces of charring at the rim but original Bruyere finish is still visible inside the bowl. Other 3 bowls are unsmoked.<br> <gallery mode="packed-hover" caption="A rare 1920 Patent, courtesy courtesy Racine & Laramie Tobaconist">File:DunillS-l1600_(1).jpg| eBay - mikkycS-l1600_(2).jpg| eBay -Case PatmikkycS-l1600_(3).jpegjpg|courtesy Racine & Laramie TobaconisteBay - mikkycFile:DunhillOpenS-l1600_(4).jpegjpg|courtesy Racine & Laramie TobaconisteBay - mikkycFile:DunillS-Case Holel1600_(5).jpegjpg|courtesy Racine & Laramie TobaconisteBay - mikkyc
* '''See more pictures here: [[Rarities Gallery]]'''
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 <center>'''A rare Rare 1918 Patent'''</center>
<q>Kevin writes that "the late Mr. John Loring and I were in his room discussing the cataloging of various stampings on pre-WWII Dunhill mouthpieces when the discussion turned towards the peculiar year of 1924. John and I had several bruyere pipes in our collection that had the even-width DUNHILL over LONDON stampings that are normally dated to 1918. However, four of these pipes were all date-coded to 1924. I remarked that I had only seen one Dunhill pipe that was a definitively-stamped 1918, and this is that pipe. What is more, the <AD> factory hallmarked sterling silver on this pipe is also hallmarked to 1918 (leopard's head, lion passant, date letter of c).</q>
<q>So, what you are looking at is a very rare 1918 Dunhill shape 60 of solid proportions (a group 4+) in extraordinarily fine condition. This is the mate to my 1917 shell of the same shape (a "notched shell", as John called them), and will be a fine and very important addition to the Dunhill collector. These 1918 stamped pipes are much rarer than the arched DUNHILL-stamped pipes of 1919.</q>
 *See more pictures here: [[Rarities Gallery]]  '''Note:'''<blockquote><q>Our bands always carry at least an AD mark (in a diamond frame) and “925” for Sterling silver. Sometimes may not have the full Assay office hallmarks (which are not required if the silver weight does not exceed 7 grams).</q> Kalmon S. Hener. Product Line Director - The White Spot Smoker's Accessory Division and Walthamstow site.<br>* '''See more pictures here: [[Rarities Gallery]]'''<br><div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"></blockquotediv>----
<center>'''An unusual and beautifully restored Dunhill SK'''</center>
The Bent-Rhodesian in Root finish was made in 1984 and of course it shows the white dot on the Vulcanite stem. It's 7 millimeters (!) long and weighs 0.005 Gramm (!) but theoretically it is absolutely functional. On display in Dunhill's London showroom. - Space Shuttle was inspired by the space shuttles riding atop a Boing 747 en route back to Florida from Edwards airbase. - Cologne Cathedral was a special order made for Cologne pipe-trader [ Peter Heinrichs] in 2005. It is a rare Dunhill Freehand Straight Grain 4 stars pipe in oversize (XL). The lid is worked – like the Cologne cathedral itself – out of 925 sterling silver. The smoke can escape through several holes in the lid as well as through the head portal of the cathedral. The pipe is therefore fully operable, but will hardly ever be smoked. The pipe (value: Euro 10,000) was blessed by the Cologne Cardinal Meißner (!!!) and received a display place in the Cologne City Museum.
 *'''See more pictures here: [[Rarities Gallery]]<br><br>'''
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'''The White Spot Eiffel Tower Pipe'''
On 15th March 2007, Kalmon S. Hener began to sketch a pipe based on the Eiffel Tower. This project has taken more than six years to complete. the The Smokers Division of Alfred Dunhill Ltd., the London luxury-goods maker, set out to create a pipe that would embody elegant living, high art, and fine craftsmanship. Kalmon Hener, the brand’s product line director, designed a singular piece based on the Eiffel Tower, and like the structure itself, it is a marvel of intricacy and engineering. The project was completed in 2013, as Dunhill renamed its Smokers Division the White Spot [].
<gallery mode="packed-hover">
File:Dunhill Eiffel Tower Pipe 19.jpg| ©The White Spot
* '''See more examples here: [[Dunhill Special Series]]'''
*See more examples here'''Note: [[Dunhill Special Series]] ''' <q>The first pipe stamped with “Alfred dunhill’s THE WHITE SPOT” (instead of the dunhill longtail logo in elliptical circle) was the now famous Eiffel Tower pipe (with the 3 lines all horizontal and parallel). For subsequent pipes, we made a new stamp, whereby “Alfred” and “dunhill’s” are arched and the “THE WHITE SPOT” stayed straight for other pipes. This stamp is in continuous use since March 2012.</q> Hener, K. S., Product Line Director - The White Spot Smoker's Accessory Division and Walthamstow site.
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== Dead Root ==
[[File:LRM dr.jpeg|thumb|right|145px|Straight Grain]][[File:002-015-1886-2.jpg|thumb|right|145px|Flame Grain]]<blockquote><q>Then there are the straight grain designations, perhaps the ne plus ultra of pipe collecting. With Alfred Dunhill, this category takes on a whole new aura of exclusitivity. The rarest straight grains are stamped DR (which stands for “Dead Root,” referring to the underground burl of the heath tree from which the oldest and usually best-figured briar is cut). Currently, the DR series ranges from one to six stars; the more stars, the tighter and more uniform the grain. Beyond that, the DR designation ventures into the stratosphere of rarity with alphabetical letters, starting with DRG, and the even scarcer DRH.</q> Richard Carleton Hacker - SMOKE - Spring 2002</blockquote>
The Dead Root idea was conceived at the end of the 1920's and then realized in the early 1930 years. The Dead-Root brought a stronger grain feature to the the already well established "Bruyère" (from 1932 on it received the same finish). The D.R. models are perfect. Made with the best Briar available and that is – compulsorily – "Straight Grain". They are rare models of considerable value, which vary according to the graduation of the grain.<br><br>In 2000, a new D.R. series was launched with amber contrast finish and stronger grains, called "Amber Flame". It's also a limited edition and they follow the same criteria, but classified with "flames" instead of stars. Like his brother, only the best grains are selected to make the Amber Flame which is finished with an amber coloured stain and a black vulcanite mouthpiece.<br><br>* '''Read more about it here: [[About Dunhill Dead Root]]'''
* '''See more examples here: [[Dunhill Dead Root]]'''
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*More informations here: [[About Dunhill Dead Root]]
*See more examples here: [[Dunhill Dead Root]]
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== Bruyere == <!--T:49-->
*'''See more about here: [[Dunhill Bruyere]]'''
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== Shell ==
[[File:1Shell.jpg|thumb|right|145px|Shell]][[File:57-lI.jpeg|thumb|right|145px|Ring Grain]]A deep craggy sandblast with a black stain finish (usually made using Algerian briar) - the color of stain used has varied over the years. Although there is some doubt as to them being the first to sandblast pipes, Dunhill's Shell pipes, and the sandblasting techniques developed to create them are considered one of Dunhill's greatest and most lasting contributions to the art of pipe making.<br><br>The documented history of Dunhill's inception of the Shell is largely limited to patent applications — there are no catalogue pages or advertisements promoting blasted pipes at the time. The preliminary work on the English patent (No. 1484/17) was submitted on October 13, 1917. The patent submission was completed half a year later, on April 12, 1918, followed by the granting of the English patent on October 14, 1918. This was less than a month before the end of The Great War on November 11th.<br><br>In 1986 Dunhill released a line of premium Shell finish pipes - "RING GRAIN". These are high-quality straight grain pipes which are sandblasted. Initially only Ring Grain, but now in two different finishes. In 1995 the "Shilling" was introduced with Cumberland finish - is an extremely rare serie. These pipes exhibit a deeper blast characteristic of that of the 1930's - mid 1960's (and the limited 'deep blast' pipes of the early 1980's) and show a fine graining pattern. These are considered the best new Dunhills by many enthusiasts today, and are very rare. The finish is sometimes described as tasting like vanilla at first, with the taste becoming more normal or good as the pipe breaks in.<br>*'''See more about this incredible pipe here: [[The History of Dunhill's Shell]]'''*'''See more examples here: [[Dunhill Shell]]'''* '''See more about the patents applied here: [[Shellbriar & Tanshell, Patents 1917-1954]]'''
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== Root Briar ==
Introduced in 1931 and highly prized because the grain is more pronounced in this finish (usually made using Corsican briar). The Root Briar finish requires a perfectly clean bowl with excellent graining. Therefore, it is the most expensive of the Dunhill pipes. Corsican briar was most often used for the Root finish, since it was generally more finely grained. This is a rare finish, due to the scarcity of briar suitable to achieve it. These pipes are normally only available at Company stores, or at Principle Pipe Dealers. Straight grained pipes were formerly graded A through H, but are now only "Dr's" and graded with one to six stars, with the letters G and H still used for the very finest pieces.
<blockquote><q>Dunhill introduced it's third major finish, the Root finish, in 1931. Corsican mountain briar is characteristically beautifully grained and the Root was made exclusively from that briar into the 1960s. The pipe was finished with a light natural stain to allow the beauty of the graining to show through. Although always available with a traditional black vulcanite bit, the Root was introduced in either 1930 or more likely 1931 and fitted with a marble brown dark and light grained vulcanite bit that has since become known as the 'bowling ball' bit because of the similarity in appearance between the bit's finish and that of some bowling balls of the time. With the war however, the bowling ball bit was dropped from production. Through 1954 (and after) the Root pipe nomenclature (including shape numbers) was identical to that of the Bruyere except that instead of the "A" of the Bruyere, the Root was stamped with an "R". In 1952 when the finish rather then LONDON was placed under DUNHILL, ROOT BRIAR rather then BRUYERE was used for the Root.</q> Loring, J. C., The Dunhill Briar Pipe, The Patent Years and After (self-published, Chicago, 1998).</blockquote>
*'''See more examples here: [[Dunhill Root Briar]]'''
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[[File:Tanshell 4127.jpg|thumb|right|145px]]
The first lot was manufactured distributed in 1952 (usually made using Sardinian briar). The prototype was called "Root Shell ", produced in 1951. The Tanshell is a light tan sandblast. Sardinian briar was used for this sandblast. There is a distinct contrast in the sandblasts using Sardinian as opposed to Algerian briar. The Sardinian is much denser and much harder. The resulting pattern, when blasted, is far more even and regular both in terms of the surface texture and the finish.
<blockquote><q>The TanShell was Dunhill's fourth finish and its first major post war line addition. Introduced in 1951/1952 the TanShell was a naturally stained sandblasted pipe made exclusively from Sardinian briar through the 1960s. The TanShell apparently was not simply a light stained Shell but rather was also the product of "certain processes [unrevealed] not previously employed." Initially, it appears that the pipe was to be named the Root Shell and a stamp to that effect was ordered and received by Dunhill in May 1951. Ultimately however, the name TanShell was settled upon but the stamp for the TanShell name was not received by Dunhill until the beginning of December. Thus while the TanShell was in production in 1951 it appears that most if not all TanShells made in that year did not enter into retail distribution until 1952 and were given a 1952 date code.</q> Loring, J. C., The Dunhill Briar Pipe, The Patent Years and After (self-published, Chicago, 1998).</blockquote>
*'''See more examples here: [[Dunhill Tanshell]]'''* '''See more about the patents applied here: [[Shellbriar & Tanshell, Patents 1917-1954]]'''
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*'''See more examples here: [[Dunhill Red Bark]]'''
Black Briar is a dark finish with vein contrasted in black, after the appearance of the dress finish in 1973 and due to its success this finish ended up disappearing.
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== Ruby Bark == <!--T:59-->
[[File:Ruby Bark.jpg|thumb|right|145px|]]
The Ruby bark pipe is stained a deep red colour to enhance the sandbalsted finish. The finish disappeared, but was re-introduced a few years ago and is now one of the most popular finishes. Each pipe is adorned with a silver 6mm band for which there is no extra charge. The mouthpieces is a hand-cut black vulcanite stem.
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== Dress ==
== County ==
Introduced in 1986. A tan sandblast with a Cumberland mouthpiece. It Introduced in 1986, but it has since been discontinuedat the end of 1987. A limited reissue of 150 pieces was made available in 2006. After that, the production has been resumed, it's available now. Many enthusiasts find the County to be an excellent smoking finish
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== Russet ==
== Amber Root ==
[[File:Amber Root F.jpg|thumb|right|]]
Introduced in 1995. A warm yellow orange stain, reminicent of the original Root Briar finish. Cumberland stems were used, although recently, Amber Root pipes have appeared with black stems. This is also a limited production pipe that is found in mainly Company stores and Principle Pipe Dealers. Straight grained pipes are made available in this finish under the name AmberflameAmber-flame, and are graded from one to three flames.<br>
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== Period Guide (1910 - 2014) ==
[[File:Oval logo.jpg|thumb|left|100px|'''1995''' - (oval) dunhill ('long tail' in an oval).]]
[[File:New logo.jpg|thumb|right|108px|'''2012''' - New phase: "Alfred Dunhill's - The White Spot".]]
{| class="wikitable" style="margin: auto;"
|1910 - Present
| 1910 - 1930/1931 - Present
|1917/1918 - Present
|1930/1931 - Present
|1952 - Present
|Redbark / Rubybark
|1972/73 - 1987 Becomes Ruby - Present
|1978 - Present
|Richard Dunhill
|1979 - Present
|Black / Dress
|1973-1978 / 1979 - Present
|1979 - Present
|1982 - Present
|1986-1987 / 2006 - Present
|Ring Grain / Shilling
|1986-1994 / 1995 - Present
|1988 - 2000 (discontinued).
|Amber Root
|1995 - Present
|Amber Flame
|2000 - Present
*'''Note:''' Table taken from Loring's book with minor changes. <br>Loring, J. C., The Dunhill Briar Pipe, The Patent Years and After (self-published, Chicago, 1998). Used by permission.
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= About Different Pipes=
In 1978 the Collector series was introduced. A free-hand pipe using the plateau in different finishes.
<blockquote><q>A line of well grained, almost "DR" quality 'root' finished pipes stamped "Collector". The pipes in this series are generally larger and usually much larger then the typical "DR". They are often found in non-traditional 'Danish' style shapes and even when the shape is mostly traditional there is frequently a non-traditional touch. Larger Collectors are sometimes stamped XL.</q> Loring, J. C., The Dunhill Briar Pipe, The Patent Years and After (self-published, Chicago, 1998).</blockquote>
* '''See more examples here: [[Dunhill Collector]]'''
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==Gourd Calabash==
As we could in the last years not obtain suitable Gourds in the quality required, we have not made them since. Kalmon S. Hener. Product Line Director - The White Spot Smoker's Accessory Division and Walthamstow site."</blockquote>
 *'''See more examples here: [[Dunhill Gourd Calabash]]'''
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*'''See more about here: [[Dunhill Driway]]'''
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== Meerschaum ==
Apparently Dunhill made Meerschaum pipes in the late 1960's, or had them made for them. Richard Esserman reports the NYC Dunhill store carried them.
<blockquote><q>In the past we could obtain the raw material from Turkey. Nowadays, the Turkish government banned the export of Meerschaum as a raw material and only allows export of finished goods; that is why we stopped using this material and currently do not manufacture Meerschaum pipes.</q> Hener, K. S., Product Line Director - The White Spot Smoker's Accessory Division and Walthamstow site.</blockquote>
* '''See more examples here: [[Dunhill Meerschaum]]'''
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*See more examples here: [[= Dunhill Meerschaum]]Patents - Archives =
*Vernon Dunhill - Mouthpiece (1937). Pat. No. [ 1861910];
*Alfred Dunhill - Tobacco Pipe, Cigar Holder and The Like (1920). Pat. No. [ 1343253];
*Alfred Dunhill - Tobacco Pipe (1915). "Patented Mar. 9, 1915." No. [ 1130806];
*Alfred Dunhill - Tobacco Pipe (1920). Pat. No. [ 1341418];
*Alfred Dunhill - Advertising Device (1906). Pat. No. [ 812191];
*Alfred Dunhill - APARATUS FOR SEASONING AND FINISHING TOBACO PIPES (1921). Pat. No. [ 1383193];
*Alfred Dunhill - Tobacco Pipe (1923). Pat. No. [ 1463684];
*Alfred Dunhill - MEANS FOR CHARGING SMOKING PIPES (1924). Pat. No. [ 1490808];
*Alfred Dunhill - CASE FOR PIPES AND FOR CIGAR AND cIGARETre HOLDERS (1924). Pat. No. [ 1503354].
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= Dunhill Articles & Catalogs= <br>{| class="wikitable" style="margin: left;"|<center>'''Dunhill's "About Smoke," 1927.'''</center> |}<blockquote><q>A famous catalog, filled with with information (and misinformation) about Dunhill, great pictures of pipes, cigars ([[Dunhill Cigars]]), humidors, lighters, cigarette holders, clocks, and other accessories. Includes the peculiar assertion that straight grained pipes are cut from the center or "heart" of the root--whereas no pipes are ever cut from this portion!A great resource.</q> Goldberger</blockquote>* '''See here: [ About Smoke]'''<br>{| class="wikitable" style="margin:85left;"|<center>'''Dunhill Catalog, 1951.'''</center> |}-->--*Here is a complete 1951 Dunhill Catalog (printed in the UK). The catalog includes lighters, accessories, pouches, smokers´furniture, tobaccos, cigars and cigar cabinets ([[Dunhill Cigars]]), cigarette holders and even matches. See the entire catalog here:
<!center><gallery mode="slideshow" widths=100px heights=100px caption="Complete 1951 Dunhill Catalog">File:00.jpgFile:001.jpgFile:02.jpgFile:03.jpgFile:04.jpgFile:05.jpgFile:06.jpgFile:07.jpgFile:08.jpgFile:09.jpgFile:10.jpgFile:11.jpgFile:12.jpgFile:13.jpgFile:14.jpgFile:15.jpgFile:16.jpgFile:17.jpgFile:18.jpgFile:19.jpgFile:20.jpgFile:21.jpgFile:22.jpgFile:23.jpgFile:24.jpgFile:25.jpgFile:26.jpgFile:27.jpgFile:28.jpgFile:29.jpgFile:30.jpgFile:31.jpgFile:32.jpgFile:33.jpgFile:34.jpgFile:35.jpgFile:36.jpgFile:37.jpgFile:38.jpgFile:39.jpgFile:40.jpgFile:41.jpgFile:42.jpgFile:43.jpgFile:44.jpgFile:45.jpgFile:46.jpgFile:48.jpgFile:49.jpgFile:50.jpg</gallery></center>{| class="wikitable" style="margin: left;"|<center>'''Dunhill Catalog, 1966/67.'''</center> |}--T:86-->*Here is a complete 1966-67 Dunhill Catalog, courtesy of Václav Blahovec [ Dunhill 1966-67 Catalog]. It was printed in the UK so the prices are mostly in Shillings, with the exception of the Dunhill DR pipes, which are in pounds. The catalog includes lighters, accessories, pouches, smokers´furniture, tobaccos, cigars and cigar cabinets([[Dunhill Cigars]]), cigarette holders and even matches. Very interesting! Here are a couple of pages, but you'll want to see the entire catalog:
<center><gallery mode="slideshow" widths=200px 300px heights=200px 300px caption="Example pages of a 1966-67 Dunhill Catalog, courtesy Václav Blahovec">
File:1966-67DunhillCatalog Pg02.jpg|Page 2, The Dunhill Pipe
File:1966-67DunhillCatalog Pg03.jpg|Page 3, Dunhill Billiards
File:1966-67DunhillCatalog Pg12.jpg|Page 12, Pipe Tobaccos
{| class="wikitable" style="margin: left;"
|<center>'''Dunhill Catalog, 1969/70.'''</center>
*And here is a complete 1969-70 Dunhill Catalog, courtesy of Radek Jůza. [ Dunhill 1969-70 Catalog]. When we compare these two catalogs we can see that the price has changed from shillings to pounds. The value of the pipes is similar, but DR pipes are much more expensive than in 1967. And there are many more accessories, including jewelry, clocks, silver, crystal glass, drinking accessories, Dunhill toiletries, and gifts from Alfred´s bar and novelties.
<center><gallery mode="slideshow" widths=200px 300px heights=200px 300px caption="Example pages of a 1969-70 Dunhill Catalog, courtesy Radek Jůza">
File:1969-70-DunhillCatalog-Pg7.png|Pg 7, Gold Mounted and Straight Grain Pipes
File:1969-70-DunhillCatalog-Pg9.png|Pg 9, one of many including smoking accessories
File:1969-70-DunhillCatalog-Pg43.png|Pg 43, Alfred's Bar
{| class="wikitable" style="margin: left;"|<center>'''Another Catalog (Unknown year)'''</center> |}----<center><gallery mode="slideshow" widths=320px 620px heights=320px 620px caption="Example pages of another Catalog, courtesy Victor Naddeo">
== A Tail of Two Briars == <!--T:90-->
Abstract: R.D. Fields writes, "As a pipe collector, a pipe hobbyist, and as a Dunhill principal pipe dealer, I hear comments over and over again about the comparative merits of the older pipes versus the newer models. Most discussion centers on the quality of the briar and the sweetness of the smoke. I hear comments such as "I love my old Dunhill pipes, but these new ones ... I don't know."
'''''We hope to uncover find more Loring articles. If you know where we can find any we're missing, please send them to'''''
= Some Dunhill "gimmicks and oddities" Miscellaneous =
<center>'''A man looking for An elegant answer to a Dunhill pipecustomer - Courtesy Carsten Andersen.'''</center><br>[[File:Mbpc nDunhill letter-1.pngjpg|610px|center]]<br>
<gallery mode="packed-hover" caption="Dunhill Miniatures">
<center>'''A man looking for a Dunhill pipe'''</center>
[[File:Mbpc n.png|center]]
<center>'''Old Dunhill Tobacco Brochure''', courtesy of John A. Gioannetti</center>
<center><gallery mode="packed-hover" caption="Alfred Dunhill’s pipe cleaning set from England Mid 20th century.">
<center><gallery mode="packed-hover" caption="Various catalog pages, flyers, and ads, courtesy Doug Valitchka & Victor Naddeo">
*'''Note''': Unfortunately, John passed away several years ago, and his website has disappeared. Fortunately, the all articles was saved here: [[John C. Loring]] with contributions by: Jean-Christophe Bienfait, Yang Forcióri and Doug Valitchka.
= Pipedia in Press =
The Nordic Smoker's Guild (NSG) in his last publication of the year, (December 2019 - its a quarterly publication), the "Piper & Tobak" (a Danish magazine) No. 165, did mention the work that is developed on this page.
<blockquote><q>Many people already know about, where all kinds of information about pipes are available. Some information needs a critical approach, but most often it is an excellent source of knowledge. If you are interested in Dunhill, a lot of new material has emerged thanks to a very enthusiastic young Brazilian named Yang Forcióri. Among other things, he has provided a lot of articles by the late John C. Loring, who was named the leading Dunhill authority.</q></blockquote>
<gallery mode="packed-hover" widths=250px heights=250px>
Our compliments to the editor, Mr. Carsten Andersen. "Relax with your pipe!" Tak!
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= Contact information: = <!--T:116-->
*[[Image:logoplm.gif]] '''[ Dunhill markings] ''': Stampings pics from 1918 to now.
*[[Image:logoplm.gif]] '''[ Dunhill dating]''' Your pipe in one hand and the mouse in the other
* U.S. Patent No. 1341418 (1920).

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