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The company's growing exponentially as international tobacco and pipe‐making under his administration. In recognition of its export achievements, his sister, Mary Dunhill won the Queen's Award to Industry in 1966 and 1969. Alfred Henry was a scholar and sequenced his father's work, as we can see here:
[[File:ADold.jpg|thumb|right|120px| Henry's father - Alfred Dunhill.]]
Mr. Dunhill maintained that tobacco was as rich and rewarding as wine or food, and he published several books on the subject. They included “The Gentle Art of Smoking” (1954) and “The Pipe Book,” a revised survey of the pipes of the world, first published by his father in 1926.<ref name=ahd5>The Times - (July 9, 1971). Obituary - Mr Alfred Dunhill, Pipes, tobacco and cigars. (P. 34). London []</ref>
<center>'''The Pipe Book - Foreword by Alfred H. Dunhill.'''</center>
<blockquote><q>For over forty years The Pipe Book seems to have appealed to both pipe smokers and the general reader interested in smoking as an aspect of social history. As a study of the pipe from earliest times, I believe it still has no rival.<br>
Rothmans and Dunhill<ref name=fu>Fundinguniverse (1998). Rothmans UK Holdings Limited History. Retrieved 06 March 2020 from []</ref>.
Rothmans merged with BAT around 1998<ref name=nwtbat>Edmund L. Andrews (1999). "International Business: British American Tobacco Will Buy Rothmans - New York Times". Retrieved 06 February 2020 from [].</ref>. Vendome is now called Richemont (created in 1988 by the spin-off of the international assets owned by Rembrandt Group Limited of South Africa) and owns around 18% of BAT stock. The Dunhill brand as owned by Richemont is organised into two, separately controlled entities: Dunhill Manufacturing (The White Spot Smoker's Accessory Division: pipes, lighters, leather goods etc), and Dunhill luxury goods, which includes the stores, watches, pens (Dunhill bought Mont-Blanc around 1977), clothes etc<ref name=richemont>Richemont History, including Significant Investments and Divestments. Retrieved 06 February 2020 from [ Richemont]</ref>. Richard Dunhill headed the pipe making division. The stores and other branded items are run separately by people who figure their potential customer base is 95% non-smokers.<ref name=balfour21>Balfour, Michael. (1992). Alfred Dunhill, One Hundred Years and More, Introduction (pp.7-11). London, Weidenfield and Nicolson.</ref></font>
<blockquote><q>We try to source the best Briar money can buy from a variety of different sources. Sometimes we do know the exact origin of the wood and sometimes we cannot be entirely sure (especially when sourcing via specialist wholesalers), but more important than the origin is the actual quality of the wood that we purchase and, consequently, the quality of pipes we can make out of it. All wood comes from the Mediterranean region and the countries or areas bordering the Mediterranean sea, be it France, Italy, Corsica, Greece, Morocco, Algeria, etc. <br>As for the age of the wood, the quality of our pipes necessitates a certain minimum age as a suitable Briar root (Erica Arborea) may take around 50 to 100 years to mature in the ground to allow for suitable size and also quality of its grain, but sometimes we can obtain Briar that is considerably older.</q> The White Spot Division.<ref name=hener>Hener, K. S. Product Line Director - The White Spot Smoker's Accessory Division and Walthamstow site. (Conversations held between 2019 and 2020).</ref></blockquote>
For some time, rumours have been spread about outsourcing the production of pipes and that they are manufactured in France - even today. Mr Hener assures that production is in-house - this is just unfounded rumours, as we can see in an article for Pipes and Tobaccos - fall 2010, By Stephen A. Ross, called: "A century of excellence"for the Pipes & Tobaccos Magazine.
<blockquote><q>While Hener and Wilson are both insistent that there is little in common between Parker, Charatan and Dunhill pipes, they more passionately refute reports that Dunhill pipes are made anywhere other than the factory on St Andrews Road. The rumours that our Dunhill pipes are made in St. Claude, France, are completely false,” Hener bluntly states. While conducting a tour of the factory floor, Wilson shows two employees working with band saws, cutting blocks and shaping them into rough bowls, and adds, I think that those rumours started from other companies who are jealous of our position. They’re envious of our position and reputation in the market and they want to try to knock us down a little.</q> Pipes & Tobaccos. <ref name=pandt>Stephen A. Ross. Pipes and Tobaccos (Fall 2010), Vol. 15, No. 3. A century of excellence (pp. 9- fall 201010). USA: SpecComm International, Inc. [ P&T]</ref></blockquote>
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Among the brand lovers, there are always doubts as to the quality of the pipes and their relationship with the period when it was manufactured. It is often said that Dunhill only manufactured good pipes until mid-1968 and after that, the quality was compromised. The patents Era ended in 1954, but it is said that good pipes continued to be made until mid-1968.
<blockquote><q>Originally at the time in the late 1970's - when a so-called cut-off date was established between for the great Dunhills versus more current production - the actual year was 1962. Then it migrated to 1964 then the current 1968. In my mind, what did change were aesthetics.</q> Esserman<ref name=rich>Esserman, Richard Esserman. (2019). About Dunhill - Facebook Talks.</ref>.</blockquote>
In an article called named "The Myth of Brand and Maker in Pipesmoking"[], Dr Fred Hanna brings to the light of our consideration what might justify this thought.
<blockquote><q>Dunhill is famous for its oil curing techniques and this is believed to be a source of its peculiar and particular taste and flavor characteristics. On the surface this sounds quite neat and tidy. But just a bit of analysis immediately makes such claims quite suspect. Does every Dunhill have that same character? I could find no evidence for this in the tastings that I have done with Dunhills. One vital question concerns when a particular Dunhill pipe was made. Bill Taylor of Ashton pipe fame has remarked that during all the twenty-plus years that he worked for Dunhill, that he never observed any oil applied to a Dunhill bowl. David Field told me on two occasions that he is convinced that oil curing stopped after 1968 and after that Dunhill pipes were quite different. Thus, Dunhills after the mid-1960s do not appear to have been oil cured at all and, on top of that, their bowls seem to have come from different suppliers.</q> DrFred Hanna. <ref name=hanna>Hanna, Fred Hanna - . (2002), The Myth of Brand and Maker in Pipesmoking.Retrieved 19 March 2020 from [ The Great Northern Pipe Club].</ref></blockquote>
In 1967, Carreras Ltd (Rothmans International at the time - then in 1999 Rothmans was acquired by British American Tobacco<ref name=nwtbat>Edmund L. Andrews (1999). "International Business: British American Tobacco Will Buy Rothmans - New York Times". Retrieved 06 February 2020 from [].</ref>) purchased 50% of the Dunhill capital from the company and from members of the family and three of their directors joined the Dunhill board<ref name=balfourchronology>Balfour, Michael. (1992). Alfred Dunhill, One Hundred Years and More (pp. 234-236). London, Weidenfield and Nicolson.</ref>. Is it possible that this new council has defined any administrative measures that have influenced the production of the subsequent products? We have signs of transition in that period, but we don't know if it was for that reason, but it is a possibility that it cannot be ruled out. It is also a period that the company begins to reposition itself in the market with male accessories, leaving tobacco-related products in the background.
<center>[[File:Aspas-copy.png|40px]]'''In the 1970s, therefore, the big expansion began, with the addition to our ‘core’ business of smokers’ products many of the things we were in fact retailing: men’s fashion, jewellery (including writing instruments and watches), fragrance and leather. Our whole distribution arrangements now had to be reorganized. The result was the formation of five different product divisions, each independent with its own management, design team, and sales force, and the appointment of different agents for each range. The consequence of this well-planned expansion programme has been dramatic: the previous core business of smokers’ products represented 95% of our sales and profits, with the other 5% being gift merchandise. Now the profile is the reverse.'''[[File:Aspas.png|40px]] Richard Dunhill - Forewords of .<ref name=balfour21>Balfour, Michael. (1992). Alfred Dunhill, One Hundred Years and More , Introduction (pp.7-11). London, Weidenfield and Nicolson, London, 1992).</ref></center>
<span style="font-size:small">'''Note:''' Mr. Richard Dunhill also mentions this change in an interview on Jack Webster's show, in 1984 [].</span>
Something similar was also reported by Robin Philpott (the Managing Director UK and Ireland) in the early '90s, in an article to The Worldwide Pipe Smoker's Magazine.
<blockquote><q>Luxury goods now account for approximately 95% of Alfred Dunhill’s sales. Yet the pipe business remains crucial to the image and heritage of the company. While Robin Philpott is not predicting a huge growth in Dunhill’s pipe smoking activities, he is optimistic about the pipe division’s future and excited by potential markets.</q> The Worldwide Pipe Smoker's Magazine.<ref name=psm20>Rich, by Tim Rich. Vol. 2, (2nd Semester 1993). Published by The Worldwide Pipe Smoker's Magazine Partners, (p. 40) [PDF version]. The Netherlands: Magazine Partners[https://pipedia. Porg/images/0/0e/Dunhillmagit.40pdf].</ref></blockquote>
[[File:GettyImages-1093018076.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Anthony Greener, Managing Director of Dunhill. 06 OCT 1978 (Photo by Chan Kiu/South China Morning Post).]]
[[File:GettyImages-107415063.jpg|thumb|right|200px|14k Umbrella Pipe - Dunhill.]]
At the beginning of the 60th decade, the Italian government restricted the use of the Briar to Italian manufacturers and the Algerian briar became scarce (a consequence of the Algerian War of Independence. 1954-1962), which forced Dunhill to turn to Grecian briar, as R. D. Fields said in [[The Art of Sandblasting]], "During the 1960s and ’70s Dunhill could not acquire the Algerian briar." Consequently, the company’s sandblast pipes were much shallower and less distinct and, as R. D. Fields also related in another article, [[A Tail of Two Briars]] that the age of the briar used in the '60s was averaged between 60 and 100 years old and then changed drastically to a briar less aged, between 50 and 80 years. These factors contributed to the construction of this concept of loss of quality. But as Dr. Hanna argues in his article, "briar from certain regions has different physical qualities, but this does not seem to be related to taste and smoking potential." Mr. Esserman, Loring, and David Webb also mention these changes.<blockquote><q>Dunhill around 1970 could not get discrete wood for the various - Sardinian for Tanshells, Algerian for Shells - Dunhill had to move to what I was told wood from Greece which did not blast as deep. Dunhill for a brief period used a black understain on the Shells - Dunhill experimented using blanks instead of hand-cut bits. So in the early-mid 1970's - Dunhill's reputation suffered. But Dunhill rebounded around 1975 and 1978 was one of Dunhill's greatest years ever.</q> Esserman<ref name=rich>Esserman, Richard Esserman. (2019). About Dunhill - Facebook Talks.</ref>.</blockquote>
<blockquote><q>Since the early 1960's Algerian briar has been largely unavailable to Dunhill and much harder briar (primarily Grecian) has had to be used for the finish. As a consequence since the mid-1960s, the Shell finish is generally found with a significantly shallower blast.</q> The Dunhill Briar Pipe. <ref name=jcl16>Loring, J. C., (1998) The Dunhill Briar Pipe, - The Patent Years and After , The Beginnings (p. 22). Chicago: self-published, Chicago, 1998).</ref></blockquote>
<blockquote><q>According to David Webb, the Dunhill pipe did have a problem in the mid-1970's, not so much with quality as with the outward signs of quality. Those in charge of policy at the time decided that the "shell" must be totally black and shiny - a blue-black stain was used, eliminating any reddish highlights. At the same time, the "bruyere" finish was lightened from its original plum color. These two changes have dampened the pipe's reputation and may be the cause for some criticism I have heard; but, even with these pipes, the underlying quality is still there. Since that time, of course, there has been a return to the original "bruyere" finish, and the new "deep shell" has reached our shores in limited quantity.</qref name=rdf> R.D. Fields. (1983), Pipe Smoker - Fall '83. The Dunhill Pipe: a comparison of then and now by R.D[https://pipedia. Fields, for Pipe Smoker in Fall 1983org/wiki/A_Tail_of_Two_Briars/en A Tail of Two Briars].</ref></blockquote>
The metrics used in defining the concept of "quality loss" seems to be related to misperceptions of changes and aesthetics subjective values. In these circumstances, any definitive conclusion may be premature and unfair. Even the process of oil curing, that was considered determinant in quality, in the end, it not so decisive, as we can see in another consideration of Dr. Hanna:
<blockquote><q>Several Dunhill collectors have told me in no uncertain terms that the old patent Dunhills (before 1955) smoke decidedly better than the later models. So, which time frame owns the peculiar Dunhill character? This adds considerable ambiguity to the great taste of a Dunhill. Does oil curing make the difference? Probably not if Dunhill pipes have not been oil cured for perhaps 33 years, and Bill Taylor implies that after a while oil curing is not a factor anyway. Taylor, who oil cures his own Ashton pipes, has stated that the effects of oil curing can no longer be discerned in a pipe after 30 or so bowls of tobacco. In other words, after a sufficient cake has formed and the pipe is well broken-in, the influence of the bowl treatment or curing method becomes negligible. Now where, I ask, is that unique Dunhill character? The cake and the wood itself probably have more influence on taste than the curing method after many, many, smokes.</q> DrFred Hanna. <ref name=hanna>Hanna, Fred Hanna - . (2002), The Myth of Brand and Maker in Pipesmoking.Retrieved 19 March 2020 from [ The Great Northern Pipe Club].</ref></blockquote>
There are pipes from different periods that, due to the manufacturing process, present some minor irregularities, such as misaligned bowl drilling, white dot and funnel bore of stem - especially in the '90s. But that doesn't mean they weren't good pipes. Some criticisms seem to be nostalgic - the brand continues to manufacture good pipes today, now called "Alfred Dunhill's - The White Spot".
<blockquote><q>I know many collectors who have told me personally that some of their Dunhills smoke great, while some do not smoke so well. I personally have owned a few Dunhills that were poor smokers and others that were fantastic.</q> DrFred Hanna. <ref name=hanna>Hanna, Fred Hanna - . (2002), The Myth of Brand and Maker in Pipesmoking.Retrieved 19 March 2020 from [ The Great Northern Pipe Club].</ref></blockquote>
<blockquote><q>I will say that I have smoked hundreds of Dunhill's - from all time periods and have found that the smoking qualities are great - no matter what the date of manufacture. I have the largest standard Production Roots from the 1970's - magnums from the early 2000's - just bought a 2019 Ring Grain Magnum - and have many great Magnums from the 1920's - 1930. So the 1968 date is meaningless.</q> Esserman<ref name=rich>Esserman, Richard Esserman. (2019). About Dunhill - Facebook Talks.</ref>.</blockquote>
<blockquote><q>In order to discern quality in a pipe, one has to look at only a few things (of course much of the real judgment is in the smoking): the turned and bored bowl; the shank bore; the tenon/ferrule connection; the lip of the mouthpiece; the look and feel of the finish. Dunhill, I submit, has as high a standard of quality as it has ever had. This does not mean that every Dunhill released for sale, today, is a perfect pipe, for some are not! What it does mean is that the percentage of imperfect Dunhills is no greater today than, say, 1924. I have discovered two imperfect pipes in my 1920-1927 collection. </q> R.D. Fields. <ref name=rdf>R.D. Fields. (1983), Pipe Smoker - Fall '83. The Dunhill Pipe: a comparison of then and now by R.D[https://pipedia. Fields, for Pipe Smoker in Fall 1983org/wiki/A_Tail_of_Two_Briars/en A Tail of Two Briars].</ref></blockquote>
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[[File:mdrd.jpg|thumb|right|The family managing the business for decades. Mary and Richard Dunhill: portraits of Alfred and Alfred Henry behind. © Alfred Dunhill Ltd.]]
<q>Alfred Dunhill is one of the brands of the Richemont group and we, The White Spot division, are one of the product divisions within Alfred Dunhill Limited (like Menswear, Leather Goods, Hard products, etc). The pipes are stamped Alfred Dunhill's THE WHITE SPOT. All Dunhill tobacco-related interests (cigarettes, cigars ([[Dunhill Cigars]]), pipe tobacco) were sold a long time ago to Rothmans (who many years later merged with BAT- <span style="font-size:small">for more information see the addendum at the bottom of [ New Phase - Duke Street Era section]</span>). They still belong to BAT today.</q> The White Spot Division.<ref name=hener>Hener, K. S. Product Line Director - The White Spot Smoker's Accessory Division and Walthamstow site. (Conversations held between 2019 and 2020).</ref>
[[File:Emailing Pipe-Tobaccos-10-4Fall.jpg|thumb|left|90px|P&T]]
In the magazine ''Pipes and Tobaccos'' - fall 2010, there is an article By Stephen A. Ross called: "A century of excellence" that talks about the past, the present and the future of the brand. It also talks about the current [[Dunhill Factory]], its manufacture of Dunhill pipes and a little bit about Mr. Kalmon Hener, one of our contributors and Product Line Director of the White Spot Division. <blockquote><q>A century after Alfred Dunhill opened his first pipe workshop, Dunhill pipes continue to be synonymous with English excellence. Guarding the flame a century after Alfred Dunhill provided the spark is Kalmon S. Hener, the general manager of Alfred Dunhill Ltd.’s smoking accessory division, now known as the White Spot Division; Stephen Wilson, the production manager who has been with Dunhill for more than 40 years; and approximately 20 employees who make pipes and leather goods at Dunhill’s legendary factory on St. Andrew’s Road in Walthamstow, an area in northeast London not far from White Hart Lane, home stadium to the English Premier League’s Tottenham Hotspur Football Club. Dunhill’s position atop the pipe market is strong. According to Hener, 2009 sales in the United States alone were up by more than 60 percent, making it the top market for Dunhill pipes.</q> Pipes & Tobaccos. <ref name=pandt>Stephen A. Ross. Pipes and Tobaccos - (Fall 2010), Vol. 15, No. 3. A century of excellence (pp. 9-10).USA: SpecComm International, Inc. [ P&T]</ref></blockquote>
*<font size="3">See the full article '''[ here]''',</font> from page 8 to 11.
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== Dunhill Commercial ==
[[File:S-l1600.jpeg|thumb|right|140px|Dunhill Flyer - 1983]]
<Blockquote><q>From the day Bill Carter accidentally dropped one onto the green carpet and they had noticed how this colour enhanced the appearance of the grain, pipes were always presented on a green pad under a strong light by salesmen wearing cotton gloves. And so that salesmen could give undivided attention to his costumer, his colleagues - including Father himself - tidied the counter for him , putting away unwanted pipes in the drawers of their cabinets.</q> '''Mary Dunhill. <ref name=mary23>Dunhill''', Mary, (1979). Our Family Business (p. 43). Great Britain, The Bodley Head - Great Britain, 1979).</ref></blockquote>
The following video is a commercial that shows us a bit of Dunhill in 1981.
<blockquote>"(...)One small problem emerged, however, as customers could not tell which way up to insert the hand-cut vulcanite mouthpiece of straight pipes into the stems of the pipes. Alfred Dunhill, therefore, ordered white spots to be placed on the true upper sides of the mouthpieces, and thus a world-famous trademark was created.<br>
According to Bill Carter, the White Spot was introduced soon after the pipe-making unit was moved in 1912 from 28 Duke Street to 6 Mason’s Yard, about 40 yards down Duke Street on the left. Mason’s Yard is an interesting and ancient enclave. It was originally called St Alban’s Mews, after the Earl of St Albans, whose trustees were granted the freehold of the whole area in 1665 by the Crown. It was probably renamed after Richard Mason who, in the 1730s, was granted a victualler’s license for the house that became Mason’s Arms." One Hundred Years and More. <ref name=balfour23>Balfour, Michael. (1992). Alfred Dunhill, One Hundred Years and More (p.52). London: Weidenfield and Nicolson.</ref></blockquote>
<blockquote><q>By the early 1920's the White Spot had become identified with Dunhill and a trademark for the same was obtained in 1922. In 1923 the company prevailed in enforcing the mark against the white dot of another pipe manufacture (Wolf), and about the same time in America (but not in Europe) against the blue dot of the then new Sassini pipe. On some bits however, mainly amber and ivory, the Dunhill White Spot is really a small black circle that effects the appearance of a White Spot.</q> The Dunhill Briar Pipe.<ref name=jcl12> Loring, J. C., (1998) The Dunhill Briar Pipe, - The Patent Years and After (p. 43). Chicago: self-published, Chicago, 1998).</ref>.</blockquote>
At first, this rounded marking was thinner and made in celluloid, a species of an acrylic predecessor, which was used until the mid-40s, when it was replaced by high-quality acrylic. Because of its appearance, it was defended for years and by many, that the point was made in ivory. However, that is a widespread legend that lasted for years, as evidenced by the information and tests executed in the Pipes Magazine Forum, in a post called "Dunhill White Spot Drama". See the full article [ here].
<center><font size="3">[[File:Aspas-copy.png|40px]]This white mouthpiece was made in our factory. It is made from a material called "Erinoid", a predecessor to Bakelite and we used it for its colour. Until recently we had some stock of the material left.[[File:Aspas.png|40px]]</font> The White Spot Division.<ref name=hener>Hener, K. S. Product Line Director - The White Spot Smoker's Accessory Division and Walthamstow site. (Conversations held between 2019 and 2020).</ref></center>
A piece of information about this material, taken from BBC, "A History of the WorIdWorld"<ref name=bbc>The British Museum, BBC (2011). A History Of The World. Erinoid Plastic. Retrieved 24 March 2020 from [ BBC]</ref>.):
<blockquote><q>It would be difficult to imagine a life without plastic. The first plastic was cellulose nitrate developed in the mid-19th Century, which was popular for co||ars and cuffs. The second was Casein hardened with formaldehyde and patented in Britain in 1911. Casein plastic was made under the trade name "Erinoid" at Lightpill Mills in Stroud for about 70 years from 1912. Unlike the later plastics such as Bakelite, Casein plastic could be dyed in many bright colours. It could withstand the rigours of washing and ironing, dry cleaning solvents etc and became popular for buttons and other household goods. It was eventually replaced by oil-based plastics for most users but is still made today on a small scale for high-quality goods.</q></blockquote>
== About Sets - Pipe Cases == <!--T:50-->
The first setup (see images on the right.) contains 7 pieces for the weekly rotation, where the days of the week related to each of the pipes, and other cases, including the "Book-Case" (with prices from the 1920s).
[[File:Case2.jpg|thumb|right|125px|© Alfred Dunhill Ltd.]][[File:Case3.jpg|thumb|right|125px|© Alfred Dunhill Ltd.]][[File:Case4.jpg|thumb|right|125px|© Alfred Dunhill Ltd.]]
In the following images (originally published in the United States Tobacco Journal, the most important in the tobacco industry) we have the Set which was presented by Alfred to the 29th president of the United States in 1921. Warren G. Harding was editor and owner of an important newspaper in Ohio, "the Marion Star ", as well as a member of the Senate before occupying the position of President.
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File:Pcase1.jpg|© Courtesy J. Guss.
File:Pcase2.jpg|© Courtesy J. Guss.
Next, a survivor Set - Alfred Era. It is a set of 3 pieces with a case, made from a single block of the best briar available at the time. Shapes: Billiard-60; Billiard-35; Dublin-42. Ao Series (Bruyère) introduced in 1910. It was the best-quality line, directed at the British nobility. On one side of the shank its stamped "Dunhill London", On the other side: "Inner Tube" Pat. No. 5861/12 5. This patent was used between 1913 and 1926. Therefore, these pieces are from 1925. On the stem: Reg. N °: 654638 and in the case: PAt. N °: 141486/19.
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File:201908181501175269884394208.jpg|© Yang.
File:Yangset2.jpg|© Yang - pics by Naddeo.
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== Black Briar & Dress ==
'''Black Briar ''' is a a smooth dark finish with vein contrasted in black, after introduced in 1973 and renamed the appearance of the dress DRESS in 1979.<br><br>'''Dress''' - introduced in 1979. The Dress is a black smooth finish in 1973 designed to look elegant with a tux or other formal ware - refined and sophisticated. A smooth jet-black stain with a silver band and due a black mouthpiece that give to its success this finish ended up disappearingline of pipes the distinctive elegance that has come to be associated with the Dunhill name.<br>
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== Dress ==
Introduced in 1973, the Dress is a black smooth finish designed to look elegant with a tux or other formal ware--refined and sophisticated. A smooth jet-black stain with a black bit gives this line of pipes the distinctive elegance that has come to be associated with the Dunhill name.
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== Cumberland ==

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