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[[Image:Kiko_02.jpg|right|thumb|Kiko Caveman]]
 
[[Image:Kiko_02.jpg|right|thumb|Kiko Caveman]]
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Kiko, meaning "[http://my420friends.com/smoking-pipes/elephant-pipes-rule-the-world/ pipe]" in Swahili-Kiswahili to English translation, is probably the best known of the various   brands   listed   below .
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Kiko, meaning "[http://my420friends.com/smoking-pipes/elephant-pipes-rule-the-world/ pipe]" in Swahili-Kiswahili to English translation, is probably the best known of the various brands listed below. In East Africa Meerschaum is found in Tanganyika, once known as German East Africa, and since 1964 part of the United Republic of Tanzania. The main deposit comes from the Amboseli basin surrounding the Lake Amboseli. Tanganyika Meerschaum is normally stained in shades of brown, black and yellow, and is considered to be inferior to Meerschaum from Turkey. Eventhough, the raw material is mined by the [[Tanganyika Meerschaum Corporation]] and to a large extent used for pipemaking. Uncounted pipemakers throughout the world were supplied with Amboseli Meerschaum, preferentially used for Meerschaum lined briars or leather-clad pipes. In '''Tanganyika the Kilimanjaro Pipe Company Ltd.''' produced (afak):
In East Africa Meerschaum is found in Tanganyika, once known as German East   Africa , and since 1964 part of the United Republic of Tanzania. The main deposit comes from the Amboseli basin surrounding the Lake Amboseli. Tanganyika Meerschaum is normally stained in shades of brown, black and yellow, and is considered to be inferior to Meerschaum from Turkey.
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Eventhough, the raw material is mined by the '''[[Tanganyika Meerschaum Corporation]]''' and to a large extent used for pipemaking. Uncounted pipemakers throughout the world were supplied with Amboseli Meerschaum, preferentially used for Meerschaum lined briars or leather-clad pipes. In '''Tanganyika the Kilimanjaro Pipe Company Ltd.''' produced (afak):
      
<gallery widths=200px>
 
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File:Caveman8.jpg
 
File:Caveman8.jpg
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
      
<gallery widths=200px caption="Countryman example and details, courtesy Doug Valitchka">
 
<gallery widths=200px caption="Countryman example and details, courtesy Doug Valitchka">
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File:Countryman08.jpg
 
File:Countryman08.jpg
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
      
<gallery widths=200px caption="Kiko Meerschaum flyer, courtesy Doug Valitchka">
 
<gallery widths=200px caption="Kiko Meerschaum flyer, courtesy Doug Valitchka">
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KIKO2.jpg
 
KIKO2.jpg
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
      
<gallery widths=200px Caption="More examples">
 
<gallery widths=200px Caption="More examples">
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* '''Tanzania''' - ???
 
* '''Tanzania''' - ???
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After closing, the British companies "'[[London Meerschaum ]]"' and "'[[Laxey Pipe Co.]]"' (from the town of Laxey, Isle of Man, UK - Brands : Man Pipes, Manxpipe, Manxman, Manxland e.c.) continued to produce pipes using imported meerschaum from Africa . Laxey Pipe Co. also prepared the meer bowls from the late 1960's - 2001 Peterson, Barling, Comoy's, Noerding and others. Often, just the stems were different, while bowls were the same.
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After closing, the British companies [[London Meerschaum ]] and [[Laxey Pipes Ltd.]] (from the town of Laxey, Isle of Man, UK - Brands: Man Pipes, Manxpipe, Manxman, Manxland e.c.) continued to produce pipes using imported meerschaum from Africa. Laxey Pipes Ltd. also prepared the meerschaum bowls from the late 1960's - 2001 Peterson, Barling, Comoy's, Noerding and others. Often, just the stems were different, while bowls were the same.
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<gallery widths=200px>
 
<gallery widths=200px>
 
Image:Manx_03.jpg|Manxpipe
 
Image:Manx_03.jpg|Manxpipe
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The main attraction is the view of elephants grazing in front of the majestic mountain - only visible early in the morning or late afternoon. This flat and dry area was 10,000 years ago a large and permanent lake over 40 meters deep. Since, the whole lake dried up and is today a small seasonal lake existing only after heavy and prolonged rains. Most of the dry-lake bed is covered by alkaline white ashes, remains of the eruption of the Kili a few thousands of years ago. Ashes are responsible of the constant dust in the park, the growing salinity of the soil and the destruction of woodlands!
 
The main attraction is the view of elephants grazing in front of the majestic mountain - only visible early in the morning or late afternoon. This flat and dry area was 10,000 years ago a large and permanent lake over 40 meters deep. Since, the whole lake dried up and is today a small seasonal lake existing only after heavy and prolonged rains. Most of the dry-lake bed is covered by alkaline white ashes, remains of the eruption of the Kili a few thousands of years ago. Ashes are responsible of the constant dust in the park, the growing salinity of the soil and the destruction of woodlands!
 
Swamps are oasis in a arid and dry surroundings and are the finest areas of the park, as they offer a wide variety of habitats for mammals and birds and many fresh grasses and aquatic plants. The presence of swamps is due to the streams running down from the Mt Kilimanjaro towards Amboseli plains. All streams are underground; there are no permanent rivers around the park.
 
Swamps are oasis in a arid and dry surroundings and are the finest areas of the park, as they offer a wide variety of habitats for mammals and birds and many fresh grasses and aquatic plants. The presence of swamps is due to the streams running down from the Mt Kilimanjaro towards Amboseli plains. All streams are underground; there are no permanent rivers around the park.
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The majestic Mt. Kilimanjaro (5,985 m - 17,685 ft), the greatest single moutain of the world standing amidst large herds of elephants wandering in the swamps.
 
The majestic Mt. Kilimanjaro (5,985 m - 17,685 ft), the greatest single moutain of the world standing amidst large herds of elephants wandering in the swamps.

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